标准时间 30 minutes
Part I Writing Part I Writing
自测用时 __ minutes
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your es- 【作文审题】本篇为看图作文。首先应仔细观察图片，根据图画内容和文字描述，在把握图画整体寓意的基础
say with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on whether home- 上，结合directions中的提示，确定作文主题。画面中的男孩对妈妈说：“我们能不能养条狗，让它偶尔吃掉一
work is necessary. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words. 些我的家庭作业?”结合directions中的问题whether homework is necessary, 确定作文的话题为“家庭作业有没有
Whether Homework Is Necessary?
 In the picture above, the little boy tells his mother that he wants to get a  描绘图画内容
dog that would eat his homework sometimes. The words from the boy make his
______________________________________________________________________________________________________ mother surprised.  This picture alerts us that nowadays many students are  指出图画寓意
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ under great pressure because of too much homework.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________  Homework is the assignment from the teacher, which is designed to  解读homework
______________________________________________________________________________________________________ check and consolidate what the students have learned in their class.  On
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ the one hand, homework can help teachers gain feedback from the students.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________  On the other hand, with more and more homework to be done every day,  阐述homework的正面作用和负
______________________________________________________________________________________________________ students are getting much more pressure than before. Doing homework re- 面作用
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ peatedly occupies most of their spare time, which is supposed to be used for
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ rest and having fun.
______________________________________________________________________________________________________  From my point of view, homework is necessary for both students and  表达个人观点
teachers because it is just like a bridge linking teaching and learning. However,
the teachers should always assure that quality is more important than quantity.
标准时间 30 minutes
Part II Listening Comprehension
自测用时 __ minutes Part II Listening Comprehension
Section A Section A
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the 1. M: I’ve been taking four courses, but I think I’ll drop one of them at the end of this term.
W: That may be for the best. You should have done so earlier.
end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Q: What does the woman mean?
B)。选项中重复出现的drop和course表明，对话与放弃课程有关。由the man must / had better...可知，女士的话为听
Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question 音重点。
there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), 2. W: How was the film that you went to see last night? I know how much you wanted to see it.
C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on M: Well, I was hoping for something really wonderful. But the film was full of stereotypes, and relationships that never
Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. Q: What does the man mean?
C)。选项中重复出现的the film以及 wonderful和good表明，对话与对电影的评价有关。
1. A) The man must be an excellent student. 3. M: I was shocked when I heard you’d finished your research project a whole month early.
B) The man’s idea is probably a good one. W: How I managed to do it is still a mystery to me.
Q: What does the woman mean?
C) The man had better drop more than one course. B)。根据意思相反的两个选项中有一个可能是答案的命题规律，答案锁定在A)和B)之间，女士的话为听音重点。
D) The man would not have dropped the best course of the four. 4. W: I can’t believe we have another lab report due so soon. Dr White must think that we don’t have any other classes.
M: I know just what you mean. I’ll be really pressed to get it done.
2. A) The film was really wonderful. Q: What does the man mean?
B) The film was so full of violent scenes. B)。根据意思相反的两个选项中有一个可能是答案的命题规律，答案锁定在B)和C)之间，男士的话为听音重点。
5. M: The doctor said if I kept smoking, I would increase my chances of having a heart attack.
C) The film wasn’t as good as he had expected. W: Did he suggest reducing weight, too?
D) The film was overly concerned with romantic relationships. Q: What does the woman think the man should also do?
3. A) She wasn’t able to manage the project well. 有关。
B) She’s not sure how she was able to finish so early. 6. W: I don’t know what I’m going to wear to the party. All of my clothes look so old. It’s too bad I don’t have any money
to get something new.
C) She’s not sure how to solve the mystery. M: Why don’t you wear your black velvet dress?
Q: What is the woman doing?
D) She still hasn’t heard the shocking news. A)。结合选项均为现在分词短语及D)中的her可知，本题考查女士正在做的动作。选项中重复出现的clothes，
4. A) He thinks the woman is unfair. dress
7. M: I’m really exhausted, but I don’t want to miss the film that comes on at 11.
B) He agrees that the workload is heavy. W: If I were you, I’d skip it. We both have to get up early tomorrow, and anyway, I’ve heard it isn’t that exciting.
C) He feels the assignment is reasonable. Q: What does the woman mean?
B)。选项均以the man should...开头表明，本题考查女士对男士提出的建议，故女士的话为听音重点。
D) He won’t be able to go to the lab today.
8. M: Have you and your family lived in Chicago for a long time?
5. A) Lose weight. C) Weigh himself frequently. W: Oh, yes, but only since 1970. My oldest child was born in Seattle and my second oldest child was born overseas when
my husband was teaching English.
B) Quit smoking. D) Have a talk with the doctor. Q: What did the woman say about life in Chicago?
C)。选项中的she / her…there表明，对话可能与女士（she）或其家人在there的生活或工作情况有关。作简要笔
6. A) Getting dressed. C) Trying out new clothes. 记、听音时对信息的对号入座是解题的关键。
B) Collecting old clothes. D) Looking for her black dress. —— Conversation One ——
7. A) The man should go to bed at eleven. 【整体预测】本组对话四道题选项中的 apartment，children 和 natural environment 表明，对话很可能与居住地有关，
B) The man should give up watching the film.
C) The man should stay up and watch the programme. M: You like  living in the city, don’t you?
D) The man should read something exciting instead. W: Oh, I love it.  It’s so convenient. I can take the bus to work, or the subway, or the taxi.  And there is so much more to do.
M: I know what you mean.  I’d like to live in the city, but to live in the suburbs is better for children.
8. A) She was born there. W: Well, there are a lot of good things about suburban living. But, as a working woman, I think a city has all the conveni-
ences, including the best food and fastest news.
B) Her children were born there. M:  But there are more trees, grass and fresh air in the suburbs.
W: Yeah,  but living in a city, it’s convenient to go everywhere. There are lots of cinemas, theatres and so on. You can
C) She has lived there since 1970. take them to the suburbs on the weekends.
D) Her husband was teaching English there. M:  /  Yeah, my children are the right age. There are lots of things for them here.
Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard. W: You are right. They are at the library in Brooklyn. And they come back home for lunch, then go uptown to the Museum
of Natural History. There is so much for young people to see and do.
9. A) They are looking for an apartment to live in. M:  Not just for young people. What about me? I’ve never been to the Museum of Natural History.
W: Neither have I. When I was a child, I used to go to the Museum of Art.
B) They are discussing living places and children’s education. M: I’ve been there several times. Twice with children.
W: Well, I have an idea.  Next weekend, let’s go to the Museum of Natural History.
C) They are complaining about their children. M: OK, that’s really a very nice idea.
Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
D) They are planning for the next weekend. 9. What are the two speakers talking about?
B)。结合选项中的they are looking for，they are discussing，they are complaining，they are planning及apart-
10. A) There’s much to do besides work and study. ment，living places，children’s education等可推断，本题很可能考查对话双方正在为子女教育寻找住处或讨论
B) It’s convenient for people to go anywhere. 住处。相比较，B)中的信息含量最大，为答案的可能性较大。
10. What does the man think of living in the suburbs?
C) The natural environment is beneficial to children. C)。预览选项可知，本题可能考查居住地的环境对孩子的影响。
11. What is the man’s opinion of the city?
D) The countryside is a perfect place for weekends. C)。根据意思相反的两个选项中有一个可能是答案的命题规律，答案锁定在C)和D)之间。
12. What do we know about the woman according to the conversation?
11. A) The children are too young to benefit from city life. D)。选项均为对女士（she）情况描述的完整句子表明，女士说的话为听音关键。
B) Even adults themselves cannot go everywhere in the city. —— Conversation Two ——
C) There is a lot to see and to do for children and adults. 【整体预测】本组对话三道题选项中的Spain，holiday，summer，BBC和grammar and vocabulary表明，对话很
D) There isn’t a lot to see and to do for children. 可能与女士去西班牙有关，涉及出国前的准备，如语言学习等。
12. A) She is a full-time housewife. W: Good evening, Professor. My name is Alice Brown.
M: Good evening, Alice. What is your question?
B) She does not care for her children. W: I’ve been studying Spanish for some years. I go to Spain on holiday some times. I’ve learnt quite a lot of grammar and
vocabulary.  But I find it very difficult to speak, and when I went to Spain this summer I couldn’t understand the
C) She used to live in the suburbs in her childhood. Spanish people at all. I got really disheartened.
D) She will go to a museum next weekend. M: Yes, it is a problem. How long have you been studying Spanish?
W: About four years.
M: Yes, how exactly? Go to an evening class, using tapes?
Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. W:  I’ve been going to an evening class and I’ve watched quite a lot of the BBC television programmes.
M: Oh, they’re very good. Did you buy the BBC book?
13. A) She couldn’t go to Spain for holiday this summer. W: No, we just use a different book in the class.
M: Yes, I see, Alice. I always think that learning a language is rather like learning to drive. Now, you couldn’t learn to drive a car
B) She couldn’t communicate with Spanish people very well. by sitting in a classroom or watching television. I think what you need is a lot of practice in using the language.
C) She didn’t learn enough Spanish vocabulary. W: That’s all very well if you live in the country where they speak the language, but I don’t.
M: Yes, I understand the problem. Though even if you live in the country where the language is spoken, you have to reach a cer-
D) She had few chances to speak Spanish in Spain. tain standard before you are able to have conversations with the natives.  I was thinking Perhaps you might arrange with
another student or students to have regular conversation practice.
14. A) By reading the BBC book. W: I see what you mean. Thank you very much, Professor.
M: You are welcome, Alice.
B) By going to an evening class of BBC. Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
13. What made Alice feel disheartened?
C) By watching BBC programmes. B)。选项均为对女士（she）情况描述的完整句子，并结合 she couldn’t，she didn’t，she had few chances 等表示
女士消极的内容及 Spain, Spanish (people) 可知，本题很可能考查女士在西班牙语学习或交流方面遇到了问题
D) By going to Spain to talk with Spanish people. 等表示女士消极的内容，故女士说的话为听音关键。
14. What is one of the ways Alice learns Spanish?
15. A) Learn more grammar and vocabulary. C) Understand Spanish cultures well. C)。选项均以“By + doing”形式开头及A)，B)，C)中的BBC表明，本题可能与学习或提高西班牙语的方式有
B) Watch more BBC television programmes. D) Do more practice in speaking Spanish. 15. What does the professor think Alice needs?
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear
—— Passage One ——
some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you
【整体预测】选项中反复出现的 water 以及 supply，use management，redistribution 和 shortage 表明，短文
hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), 内容与水资源有关，涉及水资源的供应、分配、短缺等情况。
C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line
The need to feed a growing population is putting much pressure on the world’s supply of water.  With 97% of the world’s
through the centre. water too salty to be drunk or used in agriculture, the worldwide supply of water needs careful management, especially in agricul-
Passage One ture. Although the idea of a water shortage seems strange to someone fortunate enough to live in a high rainfall country, many of
the world’s agricultural industries experience constant water shortages.
Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard.  Although dams can be built to store water for agricultural use in dry areas and dry seasons, the costs of water re-
distribution are very high. Not only is there the cost of the engineering itself, but there is also an environmental cost to be
16. A) Water supply and increasing population. B) Water use management and agriculture. considered. Where valleys are flooded to create dams, houses are lost and wildlife homes destroyed. Besides, water may
flow easily through pipes to fields, but it cannot be transported from one side of the world to the other. Each country must
C) Water redistribution and wildlife protection. D) Water shortages and environmental protection. therefore rely on the management of its own water to supply its farming requirements.
This is particularly troubling for countries with agricultural industries in areas dependent on irrigation. In Texas, farmers’
17. A) People in high rainfall countries feel lucky. overuse of irrigation water resulted in a 25% reduction of the water stores. In the Central Valley area of southeastern USA, a huge
water engineering project provided water for farming in dry valleys, but much of the water use has been poorly managed.
B) Much of the world’s water is available for use.  Saudi Arabia’s attempts to grow wheat in desert areas have been the pumping of huge quantities of irrigation
water from underground reserves. Because there is no rainfall in these areas, such reserves can only decrease, and it is be-
C) The costs of water redistribution should be considered. lieved that fifty years of pumping will see them run dry.
Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard.
D) Water can be easily carried through pipes across the world. 16. What is the passage mainly about?
18. A) The water in Texas has been reduced by 75%. 17. What do we learn from the passage?
B) Most industries in the world suffer from water shortages. 18. What can be learned from the passage?
C) The underground water in Saudi Arabia might run out in 50 years. C)。选项中的地点及表述内容各不相同，本题可能考查世界各地的用水情况。
19. What is most likely to be discussed next?
D) Good management of water use resulted from the project in the Central Valley. B)。选项均为“名词+不定式”形式表明，本题可能考查处理问题的方法。
—— Passage Two ——
19. A) Ways to reduce the costs of building dams.
B) Steps to improve water use management. 【整体预测】本篇短文三道题选项中的water，underground lake和lake表明，短文可能与地下湖有关。
C) Measures to deal with worldwide water shortages.  Deep inside a mountain near Sweetwater in East Tennessee is a body of water known as the Lost Sea.  It is
listed by The Guinness Book of World Records as the world’s largest underground lake. The Lost Sea is part of the extens-
D) Attempts to handle the pressure on water supply. ive and historic cave system called Craighead Caverns.
The caverns have been known and used since the days of the Cherokee Indian nation. The cave expands into a series of huge
Passage Two rooms from a small opening in the side of the mountain. Approximately one mile from the entrance is a room called “The Council
Room”. Many Indian artifacts have been found. Some of the items discovered include pottery, arrow-heads, weapons, and jewelry.
Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard. For many years, there were persistent rumors of a large underground lake somewhere in a cave, but it was not dis-
covered until 1905.  In that year, a thirteen-year-old boy named Ben Sands crawled through a small opening three hun-
20. A) It is part of a historical cave system. dred feet underground. He found himself in a large cave half filled with water.
B) It is the largest body of water in Tennessee.  Today tourists visit the Lost Sea and ride far out into it in glass-bottomed boats powered by electric motors. More
than thirteen acres of water have been mapped out so far and still no end to the lake has been found. Even though teams of
C) It is the biggest underground lake in the world. divers have tried to explore the Lost Sea, the full extent of it is still unknown.
Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.
D) It is listed in The Guinness Book of World Records. 20. Why is the Lost Sea unique according to the passage?
C)。选项均为完整的句子，并结合A)，B)和C)中的cave，body of water及underground lake可推断，it很可能是
21. A) By diving into the water. C) By riding far out onto the lake. 指一地下湖，本题很可能考查其特点。
B) From “The Council Room”. D) From an opening in a mountainside. 21. According to the passage, how can the caverns be entered?
D)。结合选项A)和C)均以“By + doing”开头及B) 和D)均以from开头可推断，本题很可能在考查进入“地下
22. A) They serve as a tourist attraction. C) They serve as an underground testing site. 22. What can be inferred about the present Craighead Caverns from the passage?
B) They serve as an Indian meeting ground. D) They serve as a motorboat race course. A)。选项均以they serve as...开头表明，本题可能考查they的用途。
Passage Three —— Passage Three ——
【整体预测】选项中反复出现的watch 以及only rich people, many yeans ago, only a few和 new uses，
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. mechanical movement 表明，短文与手表有关，涉及手表的价值及特点等情况。
23. A) Because only rich people can afford the watches.
Have you ever dreamed of having a fashionable watch of great value? A small watchmaker in Switzerland in 1922
B) Because the watches were made many years ago. designed the first automatic watch to show the day, month, and date.  Only seven of these splendid watches were ever
made and these watches were almost lost to history. Today, it is so hard to get an original watch that some watch historians
C) Because only a few watches of the kind were made. are even willing to offer $200,000 for one.
D) Because the watches were made by a Swiss watchmaker. These watches attracted a lot of people for their splendid colour, fashionable style, and new uses in the 1920s. The owners
of the watches were admired and set apart from the crowd. Because the number of the original watches is very limited, owning
24. A) Its new uses. C) Its fashionable style. such a watch will make you feel very special.
Today, you are offered the same kind of watch with improvement.  It has a 24-jewel mechanical movement, the kind
B) Its splendid colour. D) Its mechanical movement. desired by watch collectors. The watchmaker has made the movement of the watch much more modern with an automatic rotor
25. A) Buy the watch. C) Wear the watch. so that the watch never needs to be wound by hand.  To get a watch in such a perfect design means to get a chance to know a
piece of watch-making history and to wear such a watch will show your personal taste and social position.
B) Return the watch. D) Receive the service. You can get the watch either in person or by mail all at an affordable price. You will also receive good service from the
watch seller. If you are not satisfied with the watch after you get it, you may simply return it within 30 days. Don’t miss the
Section C chance to realise your dream.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the 23. Why are the original automatic watches valuable?
first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for C)。选项均以because开头表明，本题考查原因。
24. Which feature of the improved watch awakes watch collectors’ desire to get one?
the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just D)。预览选项可知，此题可能与表的特点有关。
heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you 25. What does the passage encourage the readers to do?
Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. If a long 26. be familiar with。意为“熟悉”。空前的不定式小品词to提示，本空应填原形动词（短语）。结合句子的意思
reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to 26. the information in the read- 试”推测，空内所填的动词（短语）可能表示的是“掌握、熟知”的意思。
ing even if they do not discuss it in class or take an examination. The 27. student is con- 27. ideal。意为“理想的”。空前的the和空后的名词student提示，本空应填形容词。
28. is responsible for。意为“对……负责”。分析句子结构可知，句子缺少谓语，空前的主语the student提示，本
sidered to be one who is motivated to learn for the sake of learning, not the one interested only in 空所填动词为第三人称单数形式。
getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned with brief written comments but without 句提到的“很多老师都认为学习的责任在于学生”猜测，本句说的应该是教授希望学生自主进行研究，不要
a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student 28. learning the material assigned. When 从他们那里获得指导，因此本空内所填形容词可能意为“没有”或者“最小的”。
research is assigned, the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with books和magazines并列。
29. guidance. It is the student’s responsibility to find books, magazines, and 30. in the 结合常识我们知道，教授尤其希望研究生能自己去图书馆查找资料，独立完成研究工作，因此可以推测本空所
library. Professors do not have the time to explain how a university library works; they expect stu- 填词很可能是particularly。
32. too dependent on。意为“依赖”。空前的should not be提示，本空应填原形动词（短语）。本句先是讲教授会
dents, 31. graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference sources in the library. Pro- 帮助那些需要帮助的学生，然后用了转折词but，可知but后的句子讲的应该是教授不希望学生太依赖他们的帮
fessors will help students who need it, but prefer that their students should not be 32. them. 33. administrative。意为“管理公共事务的，行政的”。空后的并列选择连词or和research work提示，本空所填词
In the United States professors have many other duties besides teaching, such as 33. or 34. limited。意为“有限的”。that a professor...of class为定语从句修饰the time，由此可知空内所填词（短语）充
research work. Therefore, the time that a professor can spend with a student outside of class is 当句子的表语，说明前面的the time。应该是形容词（短语）。
34. . If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either 35. a pro- 提示，本空应填原形动词（短语）。
fessor during office hours or make an appointment.
Part III Reading Comprehension
标准时间 40 minutes
Part III Reading Comprehension 自测用时 __ minutes Section A
Section A 结构剖析
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word 本文主要从“日常交 第1段说明家庭成员之间的交流对孩子的语言学习有重要的影响。
for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read 流”和“培养阅读兴
the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is 如何帮助孩子在学习上
identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer 取得成功。 第3段说明培养孩子阅读的兴趣有助于孩子很快学会阅读。
Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the 全文翻译
bank more than once. 语言最初是在与他人交流的过程中学到的。研究表明，孩子在家里参与的交流越多，语言技能就会发展得越
Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage. 境中得到强化的。
Language is learned primarily through communication with other people. Research shows that the 们身边的物体和事情的许多不同的方面。例如，当在市场或商店里购物时，成人可以把孩子的注意力引向他
more communication children 36 at home the better developed their language skills will be. Children 们身边的事情和物体的形状、颜色、声音、质地和大小，来帮助孩子建立起概念。父母们可以自然地在交谈
need to 37 well in order to learn well. This is especially important for the development of native 的思考技能。
language skills since the language is 38 reinforced by the child’s environment outside school. 除了与孩子交谈，成人还可以通过鼓励孩子发展积极的读书兴趣和对身边印刷物的兴趣，来帮助孩子准备
However, the 39 of communication is just as or more important than quantity alone. The 道他们身边的印刷物有重要的含义，并且对书本和故事有兴趣，那么这样的孩子通常很快就成功地学会阅读。
language adults use helps children become aware of the many 40 aspects of objects and events 答案解析
around them. For example, during a shopping trip to the market or store, adults can develop 36.【解析】O)。分析句子结构可知，children 36 at home为定语从句，修饰communication，该定语从句
children’s concepts by bringing their attention to the shapes, colours, sounds, textures, and sizes 缺少谓语，根据定语从句的主语children以及主句的谓语shows可知，本空应填一动词原形。选项中能与
of objects and events around them. Parents can do this naturally through conversation 37.【解析】I)。空前的need to表明，本空应填一动词原形。由前面提到的Language is learned primarily through
communication以及the more communication... the better developed... language skills 可知，要想学好语言，就需要
without 41 teaching. In other words, conversation with children in 42 situations expands 多交流，选项中只有I) talk（交谈）符合语境，故为答案。
38.【解析】M)。分析空所在的句子结构可知，本句不缺成分，故本空应填一副词，A) seldom和M) often入选。由
their minds and develops their thinking skills. 上文提到的“孩子在家的交流越多，他们的语言技能将发展得越好”可知，学校之外的环境会影响到孩子的语
In addition to conversing with children, adults can help prepare their children to succeed in 言技能，故答案为M) often（时常）。
39.【解析】D)。空前的the和空后的of表明，本空应填一名词。根据just as和more important than可以看出，the 39
school by encouraging them to take an 43 interest in books and in the print that surrounds them of communication与quantity为比较关系，通常与quantity（数量）相对应的词应为quality（质量），故答案为
D)。the number of表示“……的量”，与后面的比较对象quantity重复，使此处语义混乱，故排除G)。
in the environment. The child’s first major 44 in school is learning to read. Children who 40.【解析】B)。空后的名词aspects表明，本空应填一形容词。下文举例时提到bringing their attention to the shapes,
come to school with knowledge that the print around them carries important meanings and with an colours, sounds... of objects，事物的形状、颜色、声音等是事物的不同方面，由此可知，此处是说成人使用的
interest in books and stories will usually 45 in learning to read rapidly. 41.【解析】H)。空后的名词teaching表明，本空应填一形容词。前半句表示肯定含义，强调父母要通过谈话的方
A) seldom I ) talk naturally正好相反，故答案为H) direct。
42.【解析】F)。空后的名词situations表明，本空应填一形容词，F) everyday和J) active入选。In other words表明，
B) different J ) active 本句是对上文的同义转述。上文提到的during a shopping trip to the market or store表明，家长与孩子的交谈发生
C) read K ) task 43.【解析】J)。空前的冠词an和空后的interest表明，本空应填一形容词。句中出现的help，succeed和encouraging
D) quality L ) succeed 44.【解析】K)。空前的形容词major表明，本空应填一名词。结合语境，在学校里面学习阅读应该是孩子的首要
E) difficult M ) often 任务，故答案为K) task（任务）。
45.【解析】L)。空所在句包含一个定语从句who come... stories，该句的主句为Children... will usually 45 in
F) everyday N ) fail learning to read rapidly，通过分析发现，该主句缺少谓语动词，空前的助词will表明，本空应填一原形动
词，且该词能与空后的in连用。C) read、G) number和H) direct明显不符合语境，首先排除。根据句中的with
G) number O ) experience knowledge...和with an interest in...可知，该句表示肯定含义，故答案为L) succeed。本段首句提到的succeed in
Section B 结构剖析
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. 事，以及我们在教育孩子有关家庭暴力的事时应该揭露的五个谬论。
Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the
paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more 本文通过介绍明星克
than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking 里斯·布朗（Chris E)、F)段主要批驳第二个谬论：进化使我们这样做。
the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.
蕾哈娜（Rihanna）被 G)段主要是针对歌星卡尼·韦斯特（Kanye West）的例子，举例说明什么
Domestic Abuse Myths 起诉这件事，说明我们 是犯错误，从而批驳第三个谬论：人人都会犯错，给他一次机会。
A) Last week, R&B singer Chris Brown was formally charged with two grave crimes, assault (攻 力的事时应该批驳的五 H)段通过蕾哈娜的例子说明家庭暴力的实质，指出道歉是不够的，以此来
击) and making criminal threats, in connection with the alleged (声称的) beating of his pop- 个谬论。 批驳第四个谬论：布朗已经道歉，他们可以解决问题。
star girlfriend Rihanna on Feb. 8. Though we will never know exactly what happened that night, I)段通过介绍受虐女性的错误做法及她们不离开的真正原因，以此来批
many of us have seen Rihanna’s bruised ( ) and bloodied face on the front pages and read 她将会离开。
horrific details of the alleged attack from the affidavit (i.e. a written statement that can be used
as evidence in court, made by sb. who swears that it is true) of a LAPD detective in which he 全文翻译
describes bruises on the singer’s body. At the same time, rumors are that the 21-year-old singer
is back in a relationship with Brown, whom she has accused, according to the affidavit, of
biting, choking and punching her until her mouth filled with blood. 严重罪行：人身伤害罪和恫吓威胁罪。虽然我们永远无法确切地知道那晚发生了什么，但我们中的很多人在
B) While we can argue about how much of all that is true, it really doesn’t matter. Even though 报纸头版头条上看到了蕾哈娜青肿的血迹斑斑的脸，在洛杉矶一位侦探的宣誓书（一份可以被用来作为法庭
we are not sure whether this sad story is true or not, it will potentially change how hundreds of 证据的书面声明，由宣誓里面内容属实的人所写）里读到了可怕的殴打详情，在这份宣誓书中，他描述了这
thousands of young fans think about intimate relationships. We’ve all heard that this should be a 布朗咬她、掐她、打她直到她满嘴是血。
“teachable moment” — a chance to talk about domestic violence with our kids. But children and B) 虽然我们可以争论所有这些中有多少是真的，但这些都已无关紧要。即使我们不确定这个悲惨故事的真假，
teens aren’t just listening to your lectures, they’re listening to the way you speculate about the 它也有可能改变几十万年轻歌迷对亲密关系的看法。我们都已经听到这样的说法，那就是这是一个“适合
case with other adults; they’re absorbing how the media describes it; they’re reading gossip Web 会听你和其他大人是以何种方式来猜测这一事件的；他们会接纳媒体对这一事件的说法；他们会浏览八卦网
sites. When you tune in to all the talk about Rihanna and Chris Brown, it’s scary how the same 站。当你收看所有与蕾哈娜和克里斯·布朗有关的谈话节目时，你会为相同的、持久的家庭暴力谬论是如何
persistent domestic-violence myths continue to last forever. Celebrity scandals may have a short 永远流传下来的而感到恐慌。 名人的丑闻可能很快就会淡出人们的视线，但我们在家庭暴力方面教给孩