标准时间 30 minutes
Part I Writing Part I Writing
自测用时 __ minutes
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your 【作文审题】本篇为看图作文。首先应仔细观察图片，根据图画内容和文字描述，在把握图片整体寓意的基础
essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on digital text- 上，结合directions中的提示，确定作文主题。画面中的男孩拎着满满一包的书本，累得腰酸背痛，医生给他开
books. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words. 了处方：使用数字教科书。结合directions中的digital textbooks, 确定作文的话题为“数字教科书”。行文思路
 In the picture, a boy who is carrying a heavy schoolbag is completely  描绘图画内容
exhausted, and the man nearby tells him that a digital book is his prescription.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________  The picture shows us that people tend to use digital books instead of printed  指出图画寓意
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________  With the development of the high-technology, people want to lead a more  介绍数字教科书产生的背景
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ comfortable life. Therefore, digital books come into being, taking the place of printed
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ books.  On the one hand, people can go everywhere carrying a digital textbook,  从两方面分析数字教科书的利弊
______________________________________________________________________________________________________ which is extremely convenient with its high capacity.  On the other hand, how-
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ever, digital textbooks are too costly for some students to get widely used.  发表个人看法，从两个方面解释
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________  From my point of view, I prefer printed books to digital ones, because 喜欢印刷版教科书的原因
______________________________________________________________________________________________________ printed books are good for our eyes.  More importantly, reading printed text-
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ books is different from reading digital ones in respect of the feeling of reading.
标准时间 30 minutes
Part II Listening Comprehension 自测用时 __ minutes Part II Listening Comprehension
Section A Section A
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the 1. W: I’m glad that you win the singing contest. The award money may enable you to travel around Africa this autumn.
M: I wish I could, but I have to save the money to pay for my daily bills for the next year. You know how expensive things
end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. are nowadays.
Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question Q: What does the man imply?
A)。选项中出现的he has decided，save... money以及to travel / pay his tuition表明，对话与男士存钱有关，涉及
there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), 存钱的目的，男士的话为听音重点。
C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on 2. W: I haven’t got enough cash for this suit and the discount will end tomorrow.
M: That’s all right. The credit card always does in such case.
Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. Q: What will the woman most probably do next?
C)。选项中重复出现的buy the suit以及in cash和pay by credit card表明，对话可能与买外套的付款方式有关。
1. A) He has decided how to spend his money. 3. M: I’d like to book a table for four this evening at 7:00.
B) He wishes he could pay for his daily bills now. W: Wait a minute and let me check if there is any table available at that time. You know, we have been busy these days
C) He has already saved enough money to travel around Africa. Q: What does the woman mean?
C)。选项中出现的table available , not sure和check表明，对话与是否有空位有关，注意听时间。
D) He has decided to save the money to pay his tuition next year. 4. M: There is nothing I like more than rock and roll music when I listen to the tape. It is really exciting.
W: Actually I don’t listen to popular music. I prefer classical music.
2. A) Buy the suit in cash. C) Pay by credit card.
Q: What does the woman mean?
B) Buy the suit at no discount. D) Draw cash from the account. D)。根据意思相反的两个选项中有一个可能是答案的命题规律，将答案锁定在A)和D)之间。
5. W: I have received your school report for this term and you failed in the subject of The Introduction to Economics.
3. A) The restaurant has been available since Christmas. M: You know, this class is so dull. The professor puts us all to sleep with his lectures.
Q: What does the man mean?
B) She promises there will be a table available at 7:00. D)。选项中的he was absent，subject is difficult to pass和he didn’t work hard表明，对话可能与男士未通过某门
C) She is not sure whether there is a table available at that time. 课程的原因有关，男士的话为听音重点。
6. W: It is said that you have made a new pretty girlfriend. And we’re having a party tonight. Why not join us together
D) They’d wait to check if there is any table available on Christmas. with your girlfriend?
M: Well…I’m breaking up with Cathy.
4. A) Rock and roll music is her favourite. Q: What does the man mean?
B) She does not enjoy classical music. C)。选项均为与he有关的完整句子表明，本题考查与he有关的事实状况。
7. M: I have studied French for nearly two months. But it is still hard for me to talk with my French friends.
C) She rarely listens to popular music. W: You see, usually it is hard to start out and it is a long way to master a foreign language.
D) She is not interested in rock and roll music. Q: What does the woman mean?
C)。选项中出现的the man should和French表明，本题考查女士给男士的建议，该建议与法语有关，女士的话
5. A) He was absent from the class. C) He didn’t work hard on the subject. 为听音重点。
8. W: We have been working on this paper for several hours and I feel really tired.
B) The subject is difficult to pass. D) The professor gave poor lectures. M: Why don’t we just stop and breathe some fresh air outdoors? We have plenty of time to finish it tomorrow.
Q: What does the man mean?
6. A) He has his leg broken. C) He parts with his girlfriend. C)。选项中重复出现的the paper以及finish和postpone表明，对话可能与是否完成论文有关。
B) He wants to join the party. D) He gets along well with Cathy. —— Conversation One ——
7. A) French is easy to learn. 【整体预测】本组对话四道题选项中的 study abroad，foreign languages，intensive Japanese，recommendation from a
foreign university 和 Japanese class 表明，对话可能与到国外留学有关，该国有可能是日本。
B) The man should give up.
C) The man should continue with his study. M: Say, Lisa,  what show are you watching?
W:  An old Japanese film. I figure if  I’m going to spend all next year there, I’d better start familiarising myself with
D) The man should talk with his French friends often. the culture.
M: You mean  you were accepted into the programme?
8. A) The woman should finish her paper first. W: Sure.
M: That’s wonderful.  You must be excited.
B) They should not stop working on the paper. W:  Excited and nervous. You know  I owe a lot to Professor Mercheno. He wrote a letter of recommendation
C) He’d like to postpone working on the paper. for me and he bought me a set of practice tapes and a book that goes with them just so I can work on my basic
D) It won’t take long to finish the paper tomorrow. M: How much Japanese can you understand?
Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard. W: Not a lot right now. But I signed up for intensive Japanese this semester.
M: I wish I were as talented as you are in foreign languages. I’d love to study abroad.
9. A) Writing a memo. C) Taping some music. W: Then why don’t you? The university has lots of overseas programmes that don’t require mastery of a foreign language.
The tuition is about the same.  You just have to be the kind of person who is receptive to new ways of looking at
B) Watching a film. D) Making a video recording. things and willing to adapt to a different kind of lifestyle.
M: I had assumed that all programmes require you to know a foreign language. I might check into this.
10. A) She is going to study abroad. W: You won’t regret it.
Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
B) She is talented in foreign languages. 9. What is the woman doing when the man interrupts her?
C) She signed up for intensive Japanese. 10. Why is the woman so excited?
A)。选项中的 she，study abroad，signed up for intensive Japanese 和 foreign university 表明，本题与女士的学习有关。
D) She received a recommendation from a foreign university. 11. Why does the woman feel grateful to Professor Mercheno?
D)。由选项中的 he，recorded... tapes... for her 和 helped her 可知，本题考查 He 对女士的帮助。
11. A) He told her about an interesting movie. 12. What does the woman say one needs to have in order to study in a programme like hers?
B)。选项均为名词短语，且内容都很具体，由其中的 foreign language，tuition，open-mindedness 和 maturity 推测，
B) He gave her a good grade in her Japanese class. 本题可能考查去某处学习所要具备的条件。
C) He recorded some tapes especially for her. —— Conversation Two ——
D) He helped her get into the programme.
【整体预测】本组对话三道题选项中的 papers，research 和 topics 表明，对话可能与写论文有关。
12. A) Mastery of a foreign language.
W: I haven’t seen you here for a couple of weeks. Have you stopped eating or something?
B) Flexibility and open-mindedness. M: No. Does it look as if I’ve stopped eating? I’ve been spending a lot of time in the library.
W: Working on a paper?
C) Money to pay the extra tuition cost. M: I wish I were working on a paper.  I was working on three different papers: anthropology, English literature, and history.
W: Wow. That is a lot of work.
D) Maturity and common sense. M: Yeah. And what’s frustrating is that I’m studying 19th-century British Empire in all three classes. But I can’t write a
single paper for all the three.
Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. W: Why not?
M: The professors won’t let me. Even if I make it three times as long as the suggested length.
13. A) Working overtime as a librarian. C) Meeting with his professors. W: Oh. That’s too bad.  Could you write your paper on three aspects of one topic?
M: Mm. What do you mean? Do you have something in mind?
B) Writing papers for his classes. D) Doing extra work in the chemistry lab. W: Well, let’s see. Maybe you could do something with Romanticism, like — write your anthropology paper on the
cultural basis of Romanticism, and your history paper on the influence of the Romantic poets on the British foreign
policy, and OK... and your English paper on analysis of some Romantic poems.
14. A) Do his research on closely-related topics. C) Write just one paper for all his classes. M: Hey, that’s not a bad idea. I’ve already started the research for one of my papers. So I can use that. Oh, it’s so nice!
B) Spend more time in the library. D) Drop one of his courses. What can I do to repay you?
W:  You want to wrap up my chemistry lab for me?
M:  I’d love to, but I’ve never taken chemistry. So I’m not sure if you will like the results.
15. A) She doesn’t need any help. C) He’s already helped her enough. W: Oh, well, not necessary then. Have a good weekend. And try to get out of the library and get some sleep. You look
tired. You have big circles under your eyes.
B) She knows he’s very busy. D) He doesn’t know enough chemistry. M: OK. I’ll try. See you later.
W: See you.
Section B Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some 13. What has the man been busy doing all week?
B)。选项均以现在分词开头以及其中的 his classes/professors 表明，本题可能考查男士正在进行的活动。
questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, 14. What does the woman suggest the man do to make his work easier?
A)。选项均以原形动词开头及其中的 do his research 表明，本题考查女士给男士的建议。
you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the 15. Why doesn’t the woman want any help from the man?
D)。选项均为完整句子，由其中的 help，helped 和 busy 可推测，本题可能考查不能帮忙的原因，听音时注意
corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. 区分男士和女士的信息。
Passage One Section B
—— Passage One ——
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
【整体预测】本篇短文三道题选项中的 animals，perform... useful... jobs，training，dogs 和 horses 表明，短文可能
16. A) Animals perform many useful and entertaining jobs. 与动物有关，涉及诸如狗、马等动物的驯养与用途。
B) Different animals have their own characteristics.
 Animals perform many useful and entertaining jobs. Dogs are particularly valuable in guiding the blind,
C) Animals should be given proper training. protecting property, finding lost people, and hunting criminals. Horses are used in guarding herds, carrying men in lands
when there are no roads and helping farmers work their lands. Pigeons have long been used to carry messages.
D) Animals are very important in the eco-system. Dogs are extremely useful as companions for blind people. When a dog has been properly trained, he will always lead
17. A) Dogs have a natural instinct to guide the blind. its blind master in the right direction and keep him out of danger.  For example, seeing-eye dogs learn never to cross a
busy road when cars are coming, even if their masters command them to do so.
B) Horses have a natural instinct to return home. Horses are also able to learn a lot of things.  Horses that are used for guard or police duty must learn never to be
frightened of noises, traffic and other disturbances. Therefore it is necessary for those who train them to be very patient
C) Guide dogs sometimes may not obey their masters. and understanding.
Pigeons have a natural instinct to return home, even if they are far away and the trip is very hard and dangerous. Men
D) Racing horses are less smart than the other horses. utilise this instinct to send messages on small pieces of paper which are fastened to the pigeon’s backs or legs. In wartime,
pigeons have been known to fly as fast as 75 miles an hour and to cover a distance of 500 to 600 miles.
18. A) They should not be frightened by wild horses. People have realised that although animals may not have the intelligence as human beings, they are smart enough to
learn many things.
B) They should not be disturbed by other noises. Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
16. What is the passage mainly about?
C) They should understand the horse’s special language. A)。选项概括性强，表明本题可能考查短文的主题。选项中重复出现的 animals 表明，短文的主旨可能与动物有关。
17. What can be inferred from the passage?
D) They should be very patient and understanding. C)。选项中的 dogs，natural instinct，horses 和 less smart 表明，本题可能与马或狗的天性有关。
18. What is required for trainers of horses used for guard?
Passage Two D)。选项均以 they should 开头以及其中的 not be frightened/disturbed 和 patient 表明，本题可能考查 They 应具
备的素质，确定 They 的指代意义是听音的重点。
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard. —— Passage Two ——
19. A) In family life. C) In social contribution. 【整体预测】本篇短文三道题选项中的family life，husbands，equally share，wives，no longer submissive 和
changes in... role 表明，短文可能与男性和女性角色的变化有关。
B) In education departments. D) In business world.
/ Many changes are taking place in the way in which men and women look at their roles in society. We see
20. A) Husbands can also breastfeed their children. these changes most dramatically in jobs and business situations. It is no longer unusual to find a male nurse or a female
construction worker. Years ago, however, a man who worked as a nurse would have been looked down upon for doing a
B) Women and men equally share housework. “woman’s job”, and a female construction worker would have been roared off the construction site by her male co-workers.
/ However, the most important changes that have taken place can be found in men’s and women’s roles in family life.
C) Wives are no longer submissive and obedient. Household work that used to be done by women is now often shared equally by men and women. Men have
discovered at last that they too are capable of preparing the family dinner, rather than thinking that they are only capable of
D) Parents have new attitude towards bringing up children. taking out the garbage.
 Perhaps the greatest change that has taken place in the family is in parents’ new attitude towards bringing up
21. A) Changes in children’s rearing. C) Changes in men’s role in family life. children. While it is true that only mothers can breastfeed their infants, nowhere is it written that fathers cannot bathe their
own babies or change diapers. And more and more of them are doing just that. These days, being a full-time parent is a job
B) Changes in men’s and women’s roles. D) Changes in women’s role in society. that fathers and mothers both share.
As a result of these changes, we no longer insist that little boys play with trucks and grow up to be doctors, while little
Passage Three girls play with dolls and grow up to be housewives. Many men no longer feel that they must maintain a masculine attitude
all the time, and many women no longer feel that they should be submissive and obedient. Changes like these do not occur
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. overnight or even in a few years because they involve fundamental changes in attitude and behaviour.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
19. Where do the most important changes of men’s and women’s roles take place?
22. A) Enjoy family happiness. C) Start his own business. A)。选项中的 in family life / social contribution / business word 表明，本题可能与生活的某种场合有关。
20. What is the greatest change that has taken place in the family?
B) Switch to another field. D) Build a house of his own. D)。选项中的 husbands，equally share housework，wives，no longer submissive 和 new attitude 表明，本题与妻
23. A) He planned to sell it to one of his customers. 21. What is the passage mainly about?
B)。选项概括性强，表明本题可能考查短文的主题，再根据选项均以 changes 开头以及其中重复出现的
B) He planned to send it to the carpenter as a gift. men’s，women’s，roles 等可推断出，短文主旨可能与男性和女性的角色变化有关。
C) He planned to fill it with his favourites. —— Passage Three ——
D) He planned to send it to his partner. 【整体预测】本篇短文四道题选项中的 build a house，carpenter，low quality，we should 和 focus on the future life 表
24. A) It was of low quality.
 An elderly carpenter was ready to retire. He told his employer, a contractor, of his plans to leave the house-
B) It was perfect in workmanship and materials. building business and live a more leisurely life with his wife enjoying his extended family. He would miss the paycheck,
but he needed to retire. They could get by.  The contractor was sorry to see his good worker go and asked if he could
C) It did not satisfy the contractor. build just one more house as a personal favour.  The carpenter said yes, but in time it was easy to see that his heart
D) It was the best of all the houses he had built. was not in his work. He resorted to shoddy workmanship and used inferior materials. It was an unfortunate way to end
his career. When the carpenter finished his work and the builder came to inspect the house,  the contractor handed the
front-door key to the carpenter. “This is your house,” he said, “my gift to you.” What a shock! What a shame! If he had
25. A) We should focus on the future life. C) We should build our houses in life. only known he was building his own house, he would have done it all so differently. Now he had to live in the home he
had built none too well.  So it is with us. We build our lives in a distracted way, reacting rather than acting, willing
B) We should react to life rather than act. D) We should always do our best. to put up less than the best. At important points we do not give the job our best effort. Then with a shock we look at the
Section C situation we have created and find that we are now living in the house we have built.  If we had realised that we would
have done it differently. Think of yourself as the carpenter. Think about your house. Each day you hammer a nail, place a
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the board, or erect a wall.  Build wisely. It is the only life you will ever build. Even if you live it for only one more day,
that day deserves to be lived graciously and with dignity. The plaque on the wall says, “Life is a do-it-yourself project.”
first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for Your life tomorrow will be the result of your attitudes and the choices you make today.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have 22. What did the carpenter plan to do?
A)。选项均以原形动词开头以及其中的 start his own business / build a house of his own 表明，本题可能与某男
just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what 士的计划或建议有关。
23. How did the contractor plan to deal with the house he asked the carpenter to build?
you have written. B)。选项均以 he planned to 开头以及其中的 sell/send it 表明，本题考查 He 对 it 的处理方式，听音时注意 it 指
Modern mass-production methods lower the cost of making goods, and thus give us better 24. What can we know about the last house the carpenter built?
A)。选项中的 it，low quality，perfect 和 the best of all the houses 表明，it 指代某所房子，本题与这所房子的质量有关。
values. At the same time, American ingenuity and science are constantly at work 26. of products. 25. What does the story intend to tell us?
D)。选项均以 we should 开头以及其中的 focus on the future life 和 do our best 表明，本题可能与短文所阐述的
In this way, better quality products at good 27. are continually being brought to the 道理或对我们的建议有关。
people of all 28. groups. Section C
As an example of how this works, when facial tissues were first put on the market in 1924, 26. improving the quality。意为“提高质量”。分析句子结构可知，本句不缺主要成分，且谓语为复合谓语，
并结合空后的介词 of 可确定本空应填一以 v-ing 开头的、以一名词结尾的词组。
they were made in 29. quantities and sold at 65 cents per box of 200. People liked these 27. values。意为“价值”。空前的 at good 表明，本空应填一名词。上文提到的 better quality 表明本空所填词可
能与“价值”有关。短文开头的 values 对本空有提示作用。
facial tissues immediately and began asking for them when they went into different stores. 28. income。意为“收入”。空后的 groups 表明，本空应填一形容词或名词。
29. limited。意为“有限的”。空后的名词 quantities 表明，本空应填一形容词。本空所填词应与下面提到的
Because there was such a 30. for the product, manufacturers began making tissues in larger larger 意思相反。
30. demand。意为“要求”。空前的 a 及空后的 for 表明，本空应填一以辅音因素开头的且能与 for 搭配的名词。
and larger quantities. Because the makers were making tissues 31. their production costs 上句提到人们开始问起这种面巾，such 提示本空所填词应与上句的 asking 意义相近。
were lowered so that the cost of tissues went down. In the meanwhile, the quality of facial tissues 31. in great quantities。意为“大量”。根据空前句子主要成分完整（主 + 谓 + 宾）可知，本空应填一副词或起
was 32. improving, because more manufacturers went into the business of making tissues, and each 32. constantly。意为“不断地，经常地”。本空所在句主要成分完整，故本词应为一修饰 improving 的副词。
短文听写中若需填副词，往往是以 -ly 结尾的副词，考生切记。
manufacturer 33. his product better than his competitor’s. Today, 34. 65 cents, a box 33. strove to make。意为“努力使……”。本空所在句缺少谓语，应填动词或动词词组。空前内容中的时态决
of 200 facial tissues’ costs around one-third of that price, and they are both softer and stronger. 34. instead of costing。意 为“而不是花费”。由空后逗号及后面的句子成分完整可知，两个逗号间的内容为状语成分，
并根据 costs around one-third of that price 的提示可知，本空中应填一含有 v-ing 的词组，其中的 v-ing 为 costing。
When people are free to compete and are free to make more things and make them better — 35. benefits。意为“受益”。本空所在句为复合句，when…better 为时间状语从句，破折号后为主句，主句很显
然缺少谓语。结合从句的谓语时态为一般现在时和主句主语为 everyone 可知，本空应填一第三人称单数形式
everyone 35. . 的动词。
标准时间 40 minutes
Part III Reading Comprehension Part III Reading Comprehension
自测用时 __ minutes
Section A 结构剖析
第 1 段：睡眠的效果：帮助人们摆脱身体的疲倦，提高记忆力。
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word
for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read 本文主要介绍不同年 第 2 段：不同年龄和职业的人所需睡眠时间不同。
the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is 时间以及人和动物不 第 3 段：30 岁时形成自己的睡眠规律。
identif ied by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer 睡觉的时间极限。
第 4 段：分析人和动物不睡觉的时间极限。
Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the
bank more than once.
Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage. 高，对烦恼和问题也会有更好的看法。
During sleep, the fatigue of the body disappears and recuperation (恢复) begins. The tired 不断成长，需要的睡眠量也不断减少。年轻的学生需要十二个小时的睡眠，大学生可能需要十小时。从事高强度体力劳动的
mind gathers new energy. Once awake, the memory improves, and annoyance and problems are 不管个人需要多少睡眠时间，可以确定的是，在 30 岁时你的睡眠时间加起来已经超过了 12 年。而且到了那个年龄
seen in a better 36 . 自己的睡眠规则。
调查者试图得出一个人不睡觉的话最长能坚持多久。有些人能够坚持 115 个小时以上（接近 5 天），而动物们在坚
Some adults require little sleep; others need eight to ten hours in every twenty-four. Infants 持了五到八天之后会因疲劳而死。人类能够坚持不睡觉的极限时长是一周。
sleep sixteen to eighteen hours daily and, as they grow older, the amount gradually diminishes. 答案解析
Young students may need twelve hours; university students may need ten. A worker with a physic- 36.【解析】C)。空前的形容词及 a 表明此处应填单数名词，且能与 in 搭配使用，C) perspective（看法）、E) routine（例
ally 37 job may also need ten, whereas an 38 worker under great pressure may manage on 行公事）和 I) formula（规则）入选。此句是说，人一旦从睡眠中清醒后，记忆力就会提高，对烦恼和问题也
six to eight. Many famous people are reputed to have 39 little sleep. 37.【解析】G)。空后的名词表明此处应填形容词，B) required（必须的，必修的）、D) corresponding（符合的，一致的）、G)
demanding（要求多的，吃力的）、J) acquired（习得的，养成的）、N) prospective（有前景的）和 O) executive（执行的，
Whatever your 40 need, you can be sure that by the age of thirty you will have slept for a 有执行权的）入选。此处提到工人的睡眠时间，with a physically 37 job 是对工人的状况进行说明，将 G) demanding（要
total of more than twelve years. By that age you will also have developed a sleep 41 : a favourite 求多的，吃力的）代入，表示体力劳动者，符合语义。
38.【 解 析】O)。空后的名词及空前的 an 表明此处应填以元音音素开头的形容词，故 J) acquired（习得的，
hour, a favourite bed, a favourite position, and a 42 you need to follow in order to rest 43 . 养成的）和 O) executive（执行的，有执行权的）入选。空前的 whereas（然而）是将前半句的从事体力劳动
的工人和空格所在句中 38 worker 的睡眠时间作对比，与体力劳动者相对应的应该是脑力劳动者，O) exec-
Investigators have tried to f ind out how long a person can go without sleep. Several people utive（执行的，有执行权的）符合语义。
39.【解析】B)。空前的 have 及空后的名词 little sleep 表明此处应填动词的过去分词，故 B) required（要求的）入选。
have reached more than 115 hours, nearly f ive days, whereas animals kept awake for f ive to eight 此句中 be reputed to do sth. 意为“被认为去做……”。此句是说，一些人认为名人平时需要的睡眠时间更少，
days have died of 44 . The 45 for human beings is probably about a week. 故答案为 B)。
40.【解析】H)。空前的 your 和空后的名词 need 表明，此处应填形容词。后半句是说，可以确定的是，在 30 岁时你
A ) conveniently I ) formula 的睡眠时间加起来已经超过了 12 年，那么此句应是说个人所需要的睡眠时间，故答案为 H) individual（个人的）。
B ) required J ) acquired 41.【解析】E)。空前的 a 及 sleep 表明此处应填单数可数名词。冒号后的句子对此空进行了解释。合适的睡眠时间，
舒适的床，舒服的睡觉姿势等，这些都是对睡觉规律的描述，故答案为 E) routine（常规，例程）。
C ) perspective K ) comfortably 42.【解析】I)。空前的 a 表明此处应填名词，且该名词应能与 follow 搭配使用。此句还是对睡眠规律进行解释说明：
D ) corresponding L ) exhaustion 你还会形成一套睡眠规则，故答案为 I) formula（规则）。
E ) routine M ) starvation 43.【解析】K)。空前的动词表明，此处应填副词，故 A) conveniently（便利地）和 K) comfortably（舒适地）入选。
F ) limit N ) prospective 需外在条件，故答案为 K)。
G ) demanding O ) executive 44.【解析】L)。空前的 of 表明此处应填一名词，故 F) limit，L) exhaustion 和 M) starvation 入选。此处是对人类和
H ) individual 动物不睡眠的时间极限进行研究，并没有说不给食物和限制范围，故答案为 L) exhaustion（筋疲力尽）。
45.【解析】F)。空前的 the 表明此处应填名词，故 F) limit 和 M) starvation 入选。上句是说人类和动物坚持不睡觉
Section B 的最长时间，也就是对极限进行对比，故答案为 F) limit（极限）。
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each Section B
statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph 结构剖析
from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. A) 段采用自问自答的方式肯定地指出，经济会对健康产生影响。
Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corres- 是否会对人的健康产 B)-H) 段主要介绍一些有关健康和经济之间关系的研究及实例。
ponding letter on Answer Sheet 2. 生影响。
Are Bad Times Healthy?
A) Most people are worried about the health of the economy. But does the economy also affect 过苦日子有益健康吗 ?
your health? It does, but not always in ways you might expect. The data on how an economic A) 多数人担心经济是否健康。可是经济是否也会影响你的健康呢 ? 经济确实也会影响你的健康，不过它并不总是跟你
downturn inf luences an individual’s health are surprisingly mixed. It’s clear that long-term eco- 所预想的一样。有关经济衰退影响个人健康的数据竟然喜忧参半。显然，长期经济发展可以提升人们总体的健康水平，
nomic gains lead to improvements in a population’s overall health, in developing and industri- 这一点无论是在发展中国家还是发达国家都是一样的。
alised societies alike. B)  不过，目前的经济衰退是否会损害你自身的健康， 部分取决于你在日子好过时的健康习惯。经济学研究表明，
B) But whether the current economic slump will take a toll on your own health depends, in part, on 人们在经济繁荣时期往往不注意照顾自己——喝太多的酒（尤其在开车之前），去餐馆吃含大量脂肪的食物，因为
your health habits when times are good. And economic studies suggest that people tend not to 与工作时间冲突而忽略体育锻炼和去就医。“在经济繁荣时期，时间的价值更高些。”斯坦福大学医学助教格兰特·米
take care of themselves in boom times — drinking too much (especially before driving), dining 勒说：“因此，人们工作的时间变长，对健康有益的事情做得更少，如在家做饭，进行体育锻炼。经济繁荣时期，
on fat-laden (装满的) restaurant meals and skipping (略过) exercise and doctors’ appointments 由于工作繁重辛苦，人们承受了更大的压力。”相同的情况在发展中国家也能看到。 在哥伦比亚研究咖啡价格
because of work-related time commitments. “The value of time is higher during good economic 波动给健康带来的影响的米勒博士说，尽管价格跌落对经济发展不利，但似乎会改善健康，降低死亡率。价格低的
times,” said Grant Miller, an assistant professor of medicine at Stanford. “So people work 时候，工人们有更多的时间照顾他们的孩子。
more and do less of the things that are good for them, like cooking at home and exercising; and C) “当咖啡价格突然飙升时，人们会在咖啡地里拼命干活，很少花时间做家务，包括做一些对孩子有益的事情。”
people experience more stress due to the rigours of hard work during booms.” Similar patterns 他说：“在哥伦比亚农村，与婴儿和儿童健康 关系重大的事情费用不高，但需要大量的时间——例如，母乳喂养，
have been seen in some developing nations. Dr Miller, who is studying the effects of f luctu- 从远处取干净水，带孩子去很远的健康诊所免费接种疫苗——（因而）婴儿和儿童的死亡率上升了。”
ating coffee prices on health in Colombia, says that even though falling prices are bad for the D) 根据米勒博士及其同事在 2007 年《国家科学学会公报》上发表的文章，在经济大萧条时期，美国遭遇了沙尘暴的
economy, they appear to improve health and lower mortality rates (死亡率). When prices are 地区也出现了类似的后果。这份资料似乎与 20 世纪 70 年代的研究相矛盾，因为那时的研究发现，在经济困难时期，
low, labourers have more time to care for their children. 更多的人死于心脏病、肝硬化、自杀和他杀。 此外，更多的人得了精神病。不过，那些调查结果没有得到复证，
C) “When coffee prices suddenly rise, people work harder on their coffee plots and spend less time 有几位经济学家还指出了这些调查中存在谬误。
doing things around the home, including things that are good for their children,” he said. “Be- E) 2000 年 5 月，《经济季刊》发表了一篇题为《经济衰退对健康有益吗 ?》的令人惊奇的文章。该文作者是位于格林
cause the things that matter most for infant and child health in rural Colombia aren’t expensive, 斯博罗的北卡罗来纳大学的经济学教授克里斯多夫· J. 鲁姆。文章基于对 1972 年至 1991 年间死亡率和健康习惯与
but require a substantial amount of time — such as breast-feeding, bringing clean water from 经济动荡和失业率相比较的分析。鲁姆教授发现，死亡率在 1974 年和 1982 年经济衰退时期急剧下降，却在 20 世纪
far away, taking your child to a distant health clinic for free vaccinations — infant and child 80 年代经济复苏时期有所上升。州失业率每上升 1 个百分点，就意味着死亡率降低 0.5 个百分点——或者说，大约