北京科技大学 2005～2006 学年度第二学期
英语专业 04 级基础英语 IV 期末考试 试题 B
试卷成绩 (占课程考核成绩的 %) 平时
题号 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 小计 学号：
I. Translate the following phrases from English to Chinese:(5 points)
1. hit upon a possible answer
2. a man tenacious of old habits
3. give somebody his due
4. a dancer silhouetted in a spotlight on the stage
5. to fend off what cripples them and amplify what empowers them
6. crisis-induced cuts in education budgets
7. the asterisk referring the reader to a footnote
8. inch through teeming streets
9. an effort to synthesize Jewish theology and Greek philosophy
10. perpetuate in postage stamps the centenary of political independence
II. Translate the following phrases from Chinese to English:(5 points)
III. Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions or adverbs. (15 points)
1. There was no decent excuse ______ the fact that you have fallen _______ ______ your study.
2. He was justified _______ regaining his self-confidence, since his hard work paid ______ when
he got the promotion.
3. The university authorities are identified ________ the minds of the students’ leaders _______
the forces of reaction.
4. He refused a job in the company, which held ________ many fine promises, _______
favor_____ a university appointment.
5. They had resorted ________ all means to obtain information, but all attempts were ______
6. He was a priest held _____ repute and interpreted their laughter during his speech _______ an
7. Their quarrels _______ the presence ______ the witnesses are symptomatic ______ the state of
tension between them.
8. Everybody was deeply concerned _________ the public’s attitude ________ the agenda. But
things didn’t turned _______ as expected.
9. I can’t conceive _______ anyone wanting to disturb the excellent relationship that had been
built_______ _______ our allies.
10. This company had been substituting cheaper materials _______ the better and more expensive
kinds, ending ______ its bankruptcy.
11. Every father should insure himself _______ premature death or prolonged illness _____ the
sake ______ his wife and children.
12. The new style in men’s suits didn’t take _______, _______ all the attempts to popularize it.
IV. Complete each sentence with the appropriate form of the word given in the bracket. (10
1. There is a real possibility that these animals ___________ (frighten), should there be a sudden
2. Anna _________ (read) a piece of science fiction, completely _______ (lose) to the outside
3. Our modern civilization must not ______________ (think) of as __________ (create) in a short
period of time.
4. The project requires more labor than _________ (put) in because it is extremely difficult.
5. All flights _____________ (cancel) because of the snowstorm, we decided to take the train.
6. It isn’t cold enough for there _______ (be) a frost tonight, so I can leave his car out quite safely.
7. Mary ___________ (not receive) my letter; otherwise she would have replied before now.
8. Far over the ice _______ (stand) the fisher, his lines ________ ( set) in some retired cove, with
his arms __________ (fold).
9. He had his legs _______ (injure) _______ (try) to save a man from a fall of cola.
10. Having ___________ (isolate) on a remote island, with little work ___________ (occupy)
them, the soldiers suffered from boredom and low spirits.
11. Generally speaking, the bird flying across our path is observed, and the one _______ (stay) on
the tree near at hand __________ (pass) by without any notice ___________ (take) of it.
12. From the tears in Nedra’s eyes we can deduce that something sad __________________
V. Paraphrase the following sentences:( 10 points)
1. The wrestle of mind on mind fills both, and neither faculty member nor student has much time
for the dull business of keeping the world, even the world of the university, in good trim.
2. Having grown up with the mass media myself, and considering what that has done for me and
to me, I bring all that to bear as I raise my own little girl, who will, in her own way, and with
her own generation, have her hopes and fears shaped by the mass media too.
3. In all arenas of public business, the image now replaces the word as the basic unit of discourse.
As a consequence, television makes the metaphor of the marketplace of ideas obsolete. It
creates a new metaphor: the marketplace of images.
4. If they are young, they are busy trying to publish in order not to perish, hanging by their finger-
nails onto a shrinking profession.
5. But academic work is a narrow, neatly defined highway compared to the unmapped rolling country
you will encounter after you leave school.
VI. Proofreading :( 10 points)
There is a mistake in each line except the last one. Find it out and correct it.
Air quality in Britain improved considerably in last 30 years. Total emissions of smoke in the air
have risen by over 85% since 1950. The domestic smoking-control program has been particularly
important in achieving this result. London no longer has the dense smoke-lading "smog" of the 1950s,
and in center London winter sunshine has increased by 70 percent since 1958.
Since 1990, the Department of the Environment’s Air Quality Bulletins have made everyday’s air
pollution data from the British monitoring network availability to the public. These indicate the
concentration on three main pollutant --- ozone, nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide. The information
features in television and radio weather reports, appear in many national and local newspapers.
A comprehensive review of the issue of urbanized air quality was announced in January 1992.
Three independent committees will set up guidelines and targets for air quality. The network has also
been extended and upgraded at a cost of $10 million.
VII. Insert one word in each line and make the passage a meaningful whole :(10 points)
Did you know that all human beings have a “comfort zone” regulating the distance stand from
someone when they talk? This distance varies interesting ways among people of different cultures.
Greeks, others of the Eastern Mediterranean, and many those from South America normally stand
quite close together when they talk, often moving faces even closer as they warm up in a conversation.
North Americans find awkward and often back away a few inches. Studies have found that they tend
to most comfortable at about 21 inches apart. In much of Asia and Africa, there is even more space
between two speakers in conversation. This greater space subtly lends air of dignity and respect.
This matter of space is nearly always unconscious, it is interesting to observe.
This difference applies also the closeness with which people sit together, the extent to which they
lean over another in conversation. In the United States, for example, people try to keep their bodies
apart even in crowded elevator; in Paris they take it as it comes.
North Americans have a relatively wide “comfort zone” for talking, they communicate a
great deal with their hands -- not only gesture but also with touch. They put a sympathetic hand
on a person’s shoulder to demonstrate warmth feeling or an arm around him in sympathy; they
nudge a man in ribs to emphasize a funny story; they pat an arm in reassurance or stroke a child
in affection; they readily take someone’s arm to help across a street or direct him along an
unfamiliar route. To many people --- especially from Asia or the Moslem countries --- such
bodily contact is unwelcome, especially if inadvertently done by the hand. (The left hand
carries special significance in the U.S. Many Americans are simply left-handed and use that
hand more often in most the daily activities.)
VIII. Read the following passage and translate the underlined sentences into Chinese: (10
It is, perhaps, no accident that many of the outstanding figures of the past were exceptionally
versatile men. 1 Right up until comparatively recent times, it was possible for an intelligent
person to acquaint himself with almost every branch of knowledge. Thus, men of genius like
Leonardo da Vinci of Sir Philip Sidney, engaged in many careers at once as a matter of course. Da
Vinci was so busy with his numerous inventions, that he barely found the time to complete his
paintings; Sidney, who died in battle when he was only thirty-two years old, was not only a great
soldier, but a brilliant scholar and poet as well. Both these men came very near to fulfilling the
Renaissance ideal of the “ universal man”, the man who was proficient at everything.
Today, we rarely, if ever, hear that a musician has just invented a new type of submarine.
Knowledge has become divided and subdivided into countless, narrowly defined compartments.
The specialist is venerated; the versatile person, far from being admired, is more often regarded
with suspicion. 2 The modern world is a world of highly-skilled “experts” who have had to
devote the greater part of their lives to a very limited field of study in order to compete with
3 With this high degree of specialization, the frontiers of knowledge are steadily being
pushed back more rapidly than ever before. But this has not been achieved without
considerable cost. 4 The scientist, who outside his own particular subject is little more than a
moron, is a modern phenomenon; as is the man of letters who is barely aware of the
tremendous strides that have been made in technology. Similarly, specialization has indirectly
affected quite ordinary people in every walk of life. 5 Many activities which were once pursued
for their own sake, are often given up in despair: they require techniques, the experts tell us,
which take a life-time to master. Why learn to play the piano, when you can listen to the world’
greatest pianists in your own drawing-room?
IX. Reading Comprehension: (10 points)
If the human mind were a strictly logical device like a calculating machine, it would deal with
words simply as names of categories, and with categories as essential tools for imposing order and
system on a universe which otherwise presents itself as an unsorted chaos of sense stimuli. But
human reaction to words, like much other human behavior, is also motivated by irrational impulses
such as those we label love, hate, joy, sorrow, fear, awe, and so forth; and, whenever the users of a
language evince a fairly uniform emotional response to a given word, that response becomes part of
the connotation, therefore part of the standard meaning of the word in that language. While the bulk
of the vocabulary doubtless consists of words that carry little or perceptible emotional charge (lamp,
book, read, subtract, through), there are nevertheless a good many that produce reactions of various
colors and shades, with voltages ranging from mild to knockout force.
Not that it is always easy to distinguish the emotional response to a word itself from the
emotional response to the class of things or concepts the word names. A rose or skylark’s song by
any other names would smell or sound as sweet, and a dungheap or a subway train’s wheel-screech
by any other names would be a stench in the nostril or a pain in the eardrum; but many words are
undoubtedly “ loaded” with the speaker’s or hearer’s feelings, independent of any observable
attributes in the class of objects named. When someone says “ watch your language!” he is usually
not attacking your right to refer to the things you are referring to, but only urging you to abstain
from an expression that in itself, quite apart from its denotation and linguistic connotation, is
offensive to his ear or eye. There are words that snarl and words that purr--- and, of course, there are
innumerable gradations in between. An informer and an informant deliver the same confidential
information; selective service and the draft impose identical duties on young male citizens; sweat
and perspiration produce the same demand for deodorant--- but the different words have different
odors too, and the nose that is insensitive to their scent is apt to end up a punched nose; the ear that
does not hear their harmonies and discords, a cauliflower ear.
Evince: to make obvious or show clearly
Abstain: to not do something
1. According to the passage, what is the connotation of a word?
2. What stylistic device is used in the underlined sentence? Explain the sentence.
3. What does the author want to illustrate by making the example of a rose or skylark’s song in
4. How are “ a punched nose” and “ a cauliflower ear” related to the previous sentences?
5. What is the main point argued by the author of this passage?
X. Translate the following sentences, using expressions given below: (15 points)
it is all well in view of endow with get through cling to target at
in line with keep …in perspective wrestle with make a point of
5． 你当然可以在这儿大肆宣扬要耐心，但毕竟需要等待的人不是你。 我真不知道如何才