标准时间 30 minutes
Part I Writing Part I Writing
自测用时 __ minutes
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your
essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on parents’ 上，结合directions中的提示，确定作文主题。画面中的父母对躺在床上的儿子说，父母对他的爱是以他在学校
overemphasis on test scores. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 里的考试成绩优秀为条件的。结合directions中的parents’ overemphasis on test scores， 确定作文话题为“家长过分
Is Test Score So Important?
 As we can see from the picture, the parents open the door to their son’s  描绘漫画内容
bedroom and say that their love for him is highly conditional on how well the boy
does in school.  Most parents today say the same thing to their children, or at  指出图画反映的社会现象
least hold a similar view in their hearts.
Should we consider test scores as so important? Maybe not!  On the one  从两方面解释为什么说不能
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ hand, test scores reflect nothing but a student’s ability to handle the exam,  apart 过分看重考试分数
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ from which there are many other qualities that contribute to a good student, such as “介词短语+which”引导非
______________________________________________________________________________________________________ honesty and creativity.  On the other hand, parents’ overemphasis on test scores 限制性定语从句
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ may lead to children’s cheating in exams. In this case, the score means nothing at all
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ and that’s definitely not what the parents want to see.
 As far as I am concerned, parents should encourage their children to do well  表达个人观点
with their study but never put too much emphasis on their test scores.
Part II Listening Comprehension 标准时间 30 minutes Part II Listening Comprehension
自测用时 __ minutes
Section A 1. M: If you ask me, I suggest you go there by plane. It’s quick and convenient.
W: Yeah, it’s true, but I’m terribly airsick.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the Q: What can we infer about the woman?
C)。选项中的seriously sick，by train和not travel by plane表明，对话可能与选择交通工具有关。
end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. 2. M: Why do so many boys wear long hair in your class?
W: Oh, you see. Bill does so and the other boys just follow suit.
Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question Q: What can we infer from the conversation?
there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), A)。选项中的wears long hair和boys in the class表明，对话可能与男生留长发有关。
3. W: Did you attend the new English teacher’s oral class?
C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on M: How she could make her students so active is really beyond me.
Q: How does the man find the new English teacher’s class?
Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. C)。选项中的boring，informative，interesting和confusing这四个形容词表明，对话可能与观点态度有关。
4. M: Don’t you think the scholarship is a great thing you’ve got? Why do you decline this offer?
1. A) She is seriously sick. C) She will not travel by plane. W: I do realise the value of the scholarship. But if I could explain. My mother doesn’t want me to go overseas.
Q: What can be inferred about the woman from the conversation?
B) She will go there by train. D) She will do as the man suggests. A)。选项中的scholarship，values，overseas和offer表明，话题可能与女士获得出国奖学金有关。
5. W: Would a round-trip, business-class ticket be OK for you?
2. A) It is Bill who wears long hair first. C) Boys in the class like wearing suit. M: Yes. And I’d prefer a direct flight. Also, I’d like to depart in the morning both days, if at all possible.
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
B) The man likes long hair very much. D) Bill is the only boy who wears long hair. C)。选项中的booking，ticket，schedule和trip表明，对话可能与旅游出行有关。
6. W: Don’t you know a large glass of wine could negatively affect your recovery, Mr Smith?
3. A) Boring. C) Interesting. M: Well, that’s what they all say. I never take it seriously.
Q: What does the woman imply?
B) Informative. D) Confusing. 7. M: I love watching basketball games at home. It’s so relaxing to watch them to battle.
W: I guess I’d feel the same way if only I could understand the rules.
4. A) She won’t go overseas. C) She values the scholarship a lot. Q: What can we infer from the conversation?
B) She will accept the offer. D) She doesn’t need the scholarship. 8. M: I’ve been meaning to get my eyes checked. I just haven’t gotten around to it yet.
W: Why don’t you call for an appointment right away? Once it is on your calendar, you will get it done.
5. A) The time to depart. C) The booking of ticket. Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?
B)。选项均以原形动词开头，其中的schedule an eye exam，remind…of the appointment和seeing an eye doctor表
B) The plan for business. D) The schedule for a trip. 明，对话可能与眼科检查有关。
6. A) The man should take her words seriously. —— Conversation One ——
B) She is regretful the man recovers too slowly. 【整体预测】本组对话四道题选项中的 study，teacher 和 teaching 表明，对话可能与老师有关。
C) The man should not drink much when he is ill. M: What’s wrong, Cindy?  You look very sad.
D) She is unhappy for not being invited to the Smiths. W: Thanks for asking, Jim.  I am worried about my high school chemistry teacher. My mom told me that he is in hos-
pital, very sick!
M: I am sorry to hear that. But…how old is he?
7. A) The woman doesn’t understand the game well. W: Oh, I don’t exactly know Mr Amald’s age. I don’t think he is very old. He retired two years ago. Every summer I went
B) The man doesn’t understand the game well either. to see him. He seemed to be enjoying a great time when I saw him last month.
M: It’s kind of unusual for a chemistry teacher to be his or her students’ favourite.
C) The woman thinks that basketball is a relaxing game. W: No, not with him.  He was everybody’s favourite teacher. He could not only make things clear but also was always patient
with his students, more patient with slow learners.
D) The man doesn’t think that basketball is a good sport. M:  He reminds me of Miss Stiff.
W: Who’s that? One of your teachers?
8. A) Make a list of what he has to do. M:  Yes, my maths teacher. I hated mathematics until I got to be in her class.
W: Did she joke like Mr Cobette?
B) Schedule an eye exam without delay. M: No, she didn’t. As a matter of fact, I don’t remember her smiling. She looked very serious. But somehow, she let us know
that she thought we could all do excellent work and she always had a high expectation of us.
C) Buy a calendar to remind him of the appointment. W:  We are lucky to have such good teachers.
M: I couldn’t agree more. Good teachers make a difference in our life.
D) Get over his fear of seeing an eye doctor. Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
9. Why is the woman sad?
D)。选项中的her mother，ill，She won’t…，she didn’t…和teacher表明，本题考查不好的情况，听音时应留意对
Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 10. How does the woman describe her high school teacher?
9. A) Her mother is ill. 11. Who was the man’s favourite high school teacher?
B) She won’t go home for the holiday. 12. How do the man and woman feel about their teachers?
C)。选项中的sad about them和bad about their teaching表明，本题可能考查某人对老师们的评价或感觉。
C) She didn’t get a scholarship to study chemistry. —— Conversation Two ——
D) Her favourite teacher is ill. 【整体预测】本组对话三道题选项中的 so large，hard to get familiar with，campus，locate，on the map 和 univer-
10. A) Old and tired. C) Patient and popular. sity
B) Serious and healthy. D) Retired and healthy. M: Well, Claudia, how is your f irst day on campus working out?
W:  Actually I’m overwhelmed. This campus is too large. I am not really sure how to get around it. How about you?
11. A) Mr Amald. C) Mr Cobette. M: Yeah,  I’m having the same problem.  That’s why we should leave a bit early to get to our biology class on time.
W: That sounds like a good plan to me!  It’s 9:30 right now. I think our class starts at 10:00.
B) Miss Stiff. D) The woman’s mom. M:  Actually it starts at 10:15, which leaves us 45 minutes to f ind it. The schedule says the class is at the Darwin Building,
but I can’t seem to f ind it on the map.
12. A) Sad about them. C) Lucky to have had them. W: Since we both don’t know where we are going, why don’t you ask that woman sitting on the bench? She seems to know her
way around here.
B) Bad about their teaching. D) Happy that they are retired. M: All right, it can’t hurt to ask.
Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. M: Excuse me, Miss, could you tell us how to get to the Darwin Building?
W: The Darwin Building? Oh yes, I remember. Do you see that building to our right there? That’s the East Dormitory. Next to it
is the Science Library. What you should do is follow the path between those two buildings until you reach the other side. Then
13. A) It has so many buildings. C) It’s so hard to get familiar with. take the left-hand path and follow it to the end. It leads straight to the Darwin Building. Got it?
B) It’s so large. D) It’s easy to get around. M: I think so. After we pass the Dorm and the Library, we follow the path to the left until the end of the road, then we
should be there, right?
W: Yes, that’s perfect.
14. A) Work out the layout of the campus. M: Thank you very much, indeed.
B) Locate the Darwin Building on the map. W: You are welcome.
Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
C) Attend their biology class. 13. What is the two students’ f irst impression of the campus?
D) Talk about their f irst impression of the university. B)。选项中的so large，hard to get familiar with 和easy to get around表明，本题考查对it（校园）的看法。
14. What are the two students going to do?
15. A) 9:30. B) 10:00. C) 10:15. D) 11:00. C)。选项均以原形动词开头表明，本题可能考查将来的行为动作。
15. What time does their biology class begin according to the man?
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will —— Passage One ——
hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. 【整体预测】本篇短文三道题选项中的 easy to misunderstand，difficult to get used to American culture 和 ask native
After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices people for help
marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with Some years ago, I was hired by an American bank. I received a letter from the head of the Personnel Department that
started, “Dear John, I am quite pleased that you have decided to join us.”  The “quite” saddened me. I thought he was
a single line through the centre. saying “we’re kind of pleased you decided to join us although I wish we had hired someone else.” Then I discovered that
in American English “quite” sometimes means “very”, while in British English it means “fairly”.
Passage One So the first lesson about working in other countries is to learn the language and by that I don’t just mean the words
people speak. The way people do things highlights many of the differences we see between cultures.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard. Some of these differences may be only in the surface — dress, food and hours of work — while others may be deeper and
take longer to deal with.  Mostly, it is just a question of getting used to the differences and accepting them, like the climate,
16. A) Because it was easy to misunderstand Americans. while getting on with business.
Some of the differences may be an improvement. People are more polite; the service is better; you ask for something to
B) Because it was difficult to get used to American culture. be done and it happens without having to ask again. However, other differences can be troubling, like punctuality.  If you
C) Because the American bank might had hired another person. invite people to a party at 7 o’clock your guests will consider it polite to turn up exactly on time in Germany, five minutes
early in the American Midwest, an hour early in Japan, 15 minutes afterwards in the UK, up to an hour afterwards in Italy and
D) Because he thought the American bank thought little of him. some time in the evening in Greece.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. A) Do in-depth research. C) Understand and accept them. 16. Why was the speaker unhappy at first according to the passage?
B) Do things in our own way. D) Ask native people for help. D)。选项均为完整的句子，且意思各不相同。并结合C) Because the American bank might had hired another per-
son（这家美国银行可能雇了另一个人），D) Because he thought the American bank thought little of him（他以为
18. A) Italians. B) Germans. C) Greeks. D) The British. 这家美国银行对他评价不高）可推测，本题很可能考查某位美国银行职员面临的危机。
Passage Two 17. According to the speaker, what should we do with most cultural differences?
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard. 18. Who are punctual when invited to a party according to the speaker?
19. A) The act of calling each other. C) The act of hunting for something. —— Passage Two ——
B) The sense of accomplishment. D) The sense of belonging to a group. 【整体预测】本篇短文三道题选项中的 act of hunting，wolves，howling 和 to show their ranks， to express their
20. A) Wolves separate from each other after howling.
B) Wolves tend to protect their hunting grounds. Howling is a behaviour commonly observed among a wolf pack. As pack animals, wolves work together to hunt and
rely on howling as an important means of communication among each other. There are different explanations of a wolf’s
C) Wolves sometimes have quarrels after howling together. howl and it appears that there may be more to discover.
One theory is that wolves howl to bond better together.  It’s almost as if howling together helps the pack stay to-
D) Wolves of low rank are encouraged to join in the chorus. gether, perhaps something similar to people feeling a sense of involvement with each other when singing a song together.
But this theory may be wrong, explains Fred H. Harrington, a professor who studies wolf behaviour.
21. A) To show their ranks. C) To report the missing ones.  Indeed, there have been times when wolves have been seen one moment howling in a chorus, and the next, quar-
relling among each other. It appears that usually the lowest-ranking members of the pack may actually be “punished” for
B) To find their companions. D) To express their loneliness. joining in the chorus at times. So is howling a way to strengthen a social bond or just a way to reconfirm status among its
members? — Why do wolves howl for sure?
Passage Three  What is clear, however, is that howling is often used among packmates to locate each other. Hunting grounds are
distant and it happens that wolves may separate from one another at times. When this happens, howling appears to be an
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. excellent means of gathering.
Howling, interestingly, is a contagious behaviour. When one wolf starts to howl, very likely others will follow. This is often seen to
22. A) She is friendly. C) She is strict. occur in the morning, as if wolves were doing some sort of “roll call” where wolves all howl together to report their presence.
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
B) She is determined. D) She is experienced. 19. What is the possible similarity between wolves’ howling together and human’s singing in a chorus?
D)。选项均以The act of...或The sense of...开头表明，本题与某种行为或意识有关。
23. A) One. B) Two. C) Three. D) Four. 20. Why does Harrington think the “social bond” theory may be wrong?
C)。选项中的Wolves separate…, Wolves tend to protect…, Wolves sometimes have quarrels表明，本题考查狼的行为。
21. What are researchers sure about wolves often howling?
24. A) She made speeches on safe driving. C) She visited drunken drivers. B)。选项均以“To + 原形动词”开头以及其中的To show their ranks.和To find their companions.表明，本题与狼
B) She gave dance performance. D) She helped other teens with their studies. 群的某种行为的原因有关。
—— Passage Three ——
25. A) Have a good role model. C) Meet friends whenever possible.
【整体预测】 本篇短文四道题选项中的she is friendly, she is strict，she made speeches...， she helped other teens... 表明，
B) Go easy on yourself and others. D) Be yourself with the support of friends. 短文很可能是对某位女士的介绍，涉及其贡献及别人对其的评价。
“I didn’t hear them call my name,” explained Shelley Hennig to Active Teens (AT) as she talked about that exciting mo-
Section C ment on national television when she won the honour of Miss Teen USA 2004. “Are you ready?” is what she heard. Then she
said, “I shook my head no, and then they said ‘yes’ and it was announced again.”
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the It was four days after that life changing moment for the seventeen-year-old high school student from Destrehan, Louisiana.
first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for “I was so shocked! I never believed that it could actually really happen.” Present in the audience that day were: her
mother and father,  older brother, her friends, and her dance teacher.
the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just Understanding why all members of her family and her friends would be there, AT asked why her dance teacher had travelled
so far to see her compete. “She’s always been my role model. I’ve danced with her since I was six. She’s been through so many fdifi-
heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you culties and came through them all. I’ve learned to get over bad life’s experiences and learned how to move on because of her.”
One of those bad life’s experiences for Shelley happened three years ago when  her brother Brad was killed in a
have written. drunk driving accident. He was 18. She found writing helped her get through the rough days.
 As Miss Louisiana Teen, she travelled around the state speaking to teens about the dangers of drinking and driv-
Research suggests that parental involvement in school is vital to a child’s academic ing. In her role as Miss Teen USA, Shelley will continue to speak to youth about safe driving.
When AT asked Miss Teen USA if she had any advice for our readers, she said, “Don’t let anyone change you. 
success. However, if you’re a single parent, a working parent, or a parent with little spare time, Hang out with people that make you feel good about yourself. That way, it is easy to be yourself.”
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
you may find it 26. to find ways to get involved. The following list of recom- 22. What is the main reason why Shelley takes her dance teacher as a role model?
mendations comes from the Harvard Family Research Project, an organisation B)。选项中的She is friendly, She is determined, 和She is strict表明，本题与对某位女士的评价有关。
23. How many children did the Hennigs have according to the passage?
27. advancing education, which may give you some enlightenment. First, attend C)。选项表明，本题与数字有关，听音时应留意短文中的相关数字。
24. What did Shelley often do after she became Miss Louisiana Teen?
teacher-parent 28. . If the schedule of these meetings 29. your work sched- A)。选项中的made speeches / visited… drivers / helped other teens表明，本题考查she的行为动作。
25. What suggestion does Shelley give to the teens?
ule, speak to the teacher and principal about your situation, and work out a time when D)。选项均以原形动词开头表明，本题考查观点建议。
you can meet. Second, get over your own 30. . The Harvard Family Research Pro - Section C
ject found that parents who had negative childhood experiences at school are less likely to 26. difficult。意为“困难的”。本空位于“find it… to do”这个结构中，其中，it为形式宾语，因此可知本空应填
31. their children’s academic programmes, and may feel uncomfortable contacting teachers. 27. committed to。意为“致力于”。27. advancing education应该是分词短语后置修饰前面的名词an organisa-
Remember that your child’s academic experience is 32. to his professional success. Under 28. conferences。意为“会议”。根据空前的attend teacher-parent可确定，本空应填名词。下句的these meetings提
no circumstances do you let your own 33. hinder ( ) your child’s success. Third, drop 29. conflicts with。意为“与……冲突”。空格所在if条件从句中，the schedule为主语，缺少谓语动词。根据空前
in on extracurricular activities. If you are 34. during the day, try to pick your child up from 的the schedule和上下文可确定时态为一般现在时，本空应填第三人称单数形式的动词。
30. insecurities。意为“不安全感”。根据空前的your own可确定，本空应填名词（短语）。
after-school activities. Arrive a few minutes early and watch your child in action. Sit in on your 31. get involved in。意为“参加”。空前的to和空后的名词短语their children’s academic programmes提示，本空应
child’s student council meeting or theatre rehearsal (排练) . Finally, use a translator. Parents who 32. vital。意为“极重要的，必不可少的”。空前的is和空后的to提示，本空可能填形容词或动词的现在分词。
speak English as a second language can get in touch with their child’s school and request a trans- 33. obstacles。意为“障碍(物)”。空前的your own提示，本空应填名词（短语）。
34. unavailable。意为“没空的”。空前的you are提示，本空应填形容词（短语）。从后面说的“尽量在课后
lator. It’s important for all parents to have their questions answered and their 35. properly 活动时去接你的孩子”可知，本空所在的分句说的应该是“如果家长白天没空”，空内所填形容词应该表示
communicated. 35. concerns。意为“关切的事”。空前的their提示，本空应填名词（短语）。
标准时间 40 minutes
Part III Reading Comprehension
自测用时 __ minutes Part III Reading Comprehension
Section A Section A
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word 结构剖析
for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read 第1段指出减肥的方法可以轻松而有效。
the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is
identif ied by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer 效的减肥
Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the 原理。
bank more than once. 第4段介绍最有效的减肥方法：有氧运动。
Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.
Perhaps like most Americans you have some extra pounds to shed. You may even have tried a 法，却发现自己最后又回到原来的状态。减轻体重的关键是有规律地进行身体运动。令人吃惊的是，这种减肥方
fad ( 时尚 ) diet or two, but found yourself right back where you 36 . The key to weight loss is 人体需要一定能量来维持身体基本的功能，如呼吸、血液循环和消化等。维持器官正常工作所需的能量被称
regular 37 activity. And surprisingly, you don’t have to give up eating or make the gym your 为静息代谢率或基础代谢率。当你运动时，就需要消耗额外的能量。这些能量来自于血液、肝脏和肌肉中贮存的
second home to see long-term, 38 effects. 具体消耗哪一种能量来源，取决于你运动的强度和持续的时间。强度越高，你的身体就越会消耗储存的碳水
Your body needs a certain amount of energy to maintain basic 39 such as breathing, blood 有氧运动是非常有效的减肥方式。在有氧运动中，你会反复地收缩腿部和臂部等处的肌肉群。走路、跑步、轮滑、游
circulation and digestion. The energy required to keep your organs functioning is referred to as the 泳、舞蹈和分腿跳都是有氧运动。令人吃惊的是，如果你的有氧运动低于中等强度又持续较长时间，你所燃烧掉的脂肪
resting or basal metabolic rate. Any time you are active, 40 energy is required. It is obtained
from glycogen ( 糖原 ) and fat stored in the blood, liver, and muscles. The key to losing weight is to
36.【解析】K)。此处缺状语从句的谓语，而found提示此处应填过去式动词，故I) participated和K) started入选。
draw on the fat rather than on the carbohydrate reserves. participate（参加）后常接in，且与此处语义不符，故排除。K) started（开始）符合语义，故为答案。此句句
Which of the two energy sources you use depends on the intensity and 41 of your activity. 37.【解析】F)。此处解释the key to weight loss（减肥的关键），activity提示此处应填形容词。下句对此种减肥方
The higher the intensity, the more your body will pull from the stored carbohydrates. The lower 法进行了说明：这种减肥方法不需要节食，不需要整天待在健身房里运动，可见这种减肥方法是：有规律地
进行身体活动（regular physical activity），故答案为F) physical。
the intensity, the 42 your body will rely on fat as its fuel. 38.【解析】A)。空格后的名词effects（效果）表明，此处应填与long-term并列的原形形容词，故A) positive、B)
additional、D) effective和J) eff icient入选。B) additional（额外的）用在此处不符合句意；D) effective（有效
Aerobic exercise is most 43 for weight loss. When you perform aerobic activities 的）与effects词义发生重复；J) eff icient（效率高的）不能修饰effects。只有A) positive（积极的）能与effects搭
you 44 contract large muscle groups such as your legs and arms. Walking, running, rollerblad- 配使用，且符合句意。此句句意为：这种减肥方法并不需要通过节食或整天待在健身房里运动以达到长期、
ing, swimming, dancing, and jumping jacks are all forms of aerobic activity. Surprisingly, if your 39.【解析】H)。空前的形容词basic表明，此处应填名词，空后的breathing, blood circulation and digestion表明此名
aerobic activity is low to moderately intense and of long duration, you will burn more fat than if 词应为复数且与身体的各种功能有关，G) activities和H) functions入选。很明显，G) activities（活动）与后面
you had 45 in a short burst of high-intensity exercise. In short, a brisk 30-minute walk will 吸、血液循环、消化等。下句的functioning对本空有提示作用。
burn fat while a 100-yard sprint will burn glycogen. D) effective、J) eff icient入选。上句是说保证身体基本功能的能量，而此处是说活动时需要的能量，很显然B)
A ) positive I ) participated 41.【解析】C)。空前的and表明，此处应填与intensity并列的抽象名词，故C) duration和N) amount入选。下段中的
if your aerobic activity is low to moderately intense and of long duration 提示此处应填C) duration（持续时间）。
B) additional J ) eff icient 此句是说，消耗这两种能量来源中的哪一种取决于你活动的强度和持续的时间。
C) duration K ) started 42.【解析】E)。此句是两个比较句连用。上句是说，活动强度越高，身体就越会消耗储存的碳水化合物。下句
D) effective L ) repeatedly 理解后者对本题的选择有提示作用。
43.【解析】D)。空前的系动词is表明，此处应填形容词，故D) effective和J) eff icient入选。weight loss（减肥）只
E) more M ) less 能说是“有效的”，故答案为D) effective（有效的）。而J) eff icient（高效的）在此不符合语义。此处是说，
F) physical N ) amount 有氧运动是最有效的减肥方法。
44.【解析】L)。空所在句的句子结构完整，此处应填副词修饰动词，故L) repeatedly和O) obviously入选。由下文
G) activities O ) obviously 提到的walking，running，swimming，dancing，and jumping等可知，在这些有氧运动中四肢的活动是反复的，
H) functions 45.【解析】 I)。空前的had及空后的in表明，此处应填一动词的过去分词且该词能与in搭配，I) participated（参
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it.
Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the 结构剖析
paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more
than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking A)段引出女性经济赋权的话题。
the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2. 本文主要介绍
Female Power 经济需要而外
Across the rich world more women are working than ever before. Coping with this change will be 面临选择工作 D)～F)段介绍了女性在工作中受到的偏见及他们在兼顾工作及照顾孩子上的困难。
one of the great challenges of the coming decades. 和照顾孩子的
A) The economic empowerment of women across the rich world is one of the most remarkable re-
volutions of the past 50 years. It is remarkable because of the extent of the change: millions of
people who were once dependent on men have taken control of their own economic fates. It is
remarkable also because it has produced so little friction: a change that affects the most intim-
ate aspects of people’s identities has been widely welcomed by men as well as women.
B) The rich world has seen a growing demand for women’s labour, and the demand has been A)  发达国家女性的经济赋权是过去五十年中最重大的变革之一。说其重大是因为其变化的程度：数百万曾
matched by supply: Women are increasingly willing and able to work outside the home. The 经依靠男人的女性已经掌握了自己的经济命运。说其重大还因为它几乎未引起冲突：一个影响人们身份最本
vacuum cleaner has played its part. Improved technology reduced the amount of time needed 质方面的变化受到了男性和女性的普遍欢迎。
for the traditional female work of cleaning and cooking. The expansion of higher education has B) 发达国家已经看到了对女性劳动力日益增长的需求，并且这种需求是与供给相匹配的：女性更愿意并有能力
also boosted job prospects for women, improving their value on the job market and shifting 外出工作。吸尘器发挥了作用。 不断发展的技术减少了扫除及烹饪等传统女性工作所需的时间。高等教
their role models from stay-at-home mothers to successful professional women. In 1963, 62% of 育的发展也提升了女性的就业前景，提高了她们在就业市场的价值，并将她们的角色由全职妈妈转变为成功
college-educated women in the United States were in the labour force, compared with 46% of those 的职业女性。1963年，美国62%受过大学教育的女性在工作，而高中毕业的女性只有46%在工作。如今，美国
with a high school diploma. Today 80% of American women with a college education are in the la- 80%具有大学学历的女性在工作，67%有高中学历的女性在工作，没有高中学历的女性有47%在工作。
bour force compared with 67% of those with a high school diploma and 47% of those without one. C)  有关这场变革最让人惊奇的一件事是它几乎未引起公开的颂扬。大多数人接受这场变革，但为之欢呼的
C) One of the most surprising things about this revolution is how little overt ( 公开的 ) celebration 人没有几个。一部分原因是许多年轻的女性认为这是她们理应拥有的机会。另一部分原因是许多女性工作代
it has engendered. Most people welcome the change. But few are cheering. This is partly be- 表的是经济需求而不是解放。发达国家日益增多的单身母亲除了工作别无选择。越来越多的已婚女性也发现
cause young women take their opportunities for granted. It is partly because for many women 她们维持家庭生活标准的唯一方法就是和丈夫一样参加工作。在美国，如今有全职太太的家庭同20世纪70年
work represents economic necessity rather than liberation. The rich world’s growing army of 代初期具有相似情况的家庭通胀调整后的收入相同。但最大的原因是，该变革之后引发了许多问题。
single mothers have little choice but to work. A growing proportion of married women have
D)  一个明显的问题是女性晋升的愿望还未得到满足。她们被鼓励爬上职业的阶梯，结果却发现中层已被男
also discovered that the only way they can preserve their households’ living standards is to join
their husbands in the labour market. In America families with stay-at-home wives have the
same inflation-adjusted income as similar families did in the early 1970s. But the biggest reason
is that the revolution has brought plenty of problems in its wake.
E) 无疑，从某种程度上讲这种情况归因于偏见。 但女性仍然受挫的最大原因是更深层次的：许多女性被迫在
D) One obvious problem is that women’s rising aspirations have not been fulf illed. They have been