标准时间 30 minutes
Part I Writing Part I Writing
自测用时 __ minutes
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your essay
with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on the importance of
positive thinking. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
诉他们我们决定暂时推迟成功。”结合directions中的关键词positive thinking, 确定作文的话题为“积极思
第一段：描述图画内容，引出文章话题 —— 积极思考。
“Don’t tell them we failed. Tell them we 性面对问题，从而找出解决方法。
decided to temporarily postpone our success.”
Positive Thinking 会从正确的角度去欣赏它。
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 精彩范文 名师点评
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ Positive Thinking
______________________________________________________________________________________________________  As we can see in the picture, the leader who sits behind the desk tells her as-  描绘漫画内容
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ sistant, “Don’t tell them we failed. Tell them we decided to temporarily postpone our
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ success.”  Apparently, the leader is an optimistic person who is good at positive  引出文章话题
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________  Positive thinking is a key factor for a person to achieve success.  On the  指出积极思考的重要意义
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ one hand, a man who can think positively often sees the bright side out of misfortunes;  从两方面解释为什么积极思
______________________________________________________________________________________________________ therefore, he can treat difficulties and setbacks as steps rather than barriers. On the 考有助于人们克服困难、解
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ other hand, positive thinkers always stay calm and rational instead of  being intim- 决问题
idated by problems, so that he is able to work out a way to fix them.  “被……吓倒”
 In consideration of the importance of positive thinking, I think we all need  表达个人看法
to develop such a good quality. After all, life is not easy; why not choose a right angle to
标准时间 30 minutes
Part II Listening Comprehension Part II Listening Comprehension
自测用时 __ minutes
1. M: What’s Harry been up to? I’ve seen him at the school of music several times in the past month.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the W: Can you believe that he has taken up singing at his age?
Q: What does the woman mean?
end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. D)。选项中重复出现的Harry和sing/singing表明，对话可能与Harry唱歌有关。
Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each ques- 2. W: This is the third time you have been late this week, Robert. You’ll have to do better than that, or I might f ind it
necessary to let you go.
tion there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked M: It won’t happen again, I assure you.
Q: Who might be speaking to Robert?
A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding D)。选项中的mother，teacher和boss表明，本题考查人物身份。
letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. 3. W: Did you and Tommy go shopping this afternoon together?
M: Yes, he seemed to have bought a store home, but all I got was a sore foot. I don’t know, and perhaps it was not my day.
1. A) Harry likes to sing old songs. Q: What does the man mean?
A)。选项中的Tommy，go shopping和bought everything表明，本题可能与男士和Tommy的购物有关，男士的话
B) Harry wants to perform on the stage. 为听音重点。
C) The rumors about Harry are unbelievable. 4. W: I heard Peter has been to an interview today. How did it go?
M: Oh, if he had just relaxed, he would have done f ine.
D) It’s unusual to start singing at Harry’s age. Q: What can we learn about Peter?
2. A) His mother. B) His girlfriend. C) His teacher. D) His boss.
5. W: Are you being served, Sir? What can I do for you?
M: No, I’ll try to get this book renewed. You know, it’s so helpful that I can’t f inish my research paper without it.
3. A) He didn’t buy anything while Tommy bought a lot. Q: Where does this conversation probably take place?
B) He got some medicine for his hurting foot. A)。选项表明，本题考查地点场所，快速浏览四个选项中的地点场所，并在听音时捕捉关键信息词对号入座
C) He twisted his foot and couldn’t go shopping.
6. W: Poor Charlie! To be so close to f inishing and then not graduate!
D) He bought everything except the storybook. M: If you had known how he had dealt with his school work, you wouldn’t feel like that.
Q: What can be inferred about Charlie?
4. A) He didn’t go to the interview. C) He succeeded in the interview. A)。根据意思相反的两个选项中的一个可能是答案的命题规律，将答案锁定在A)和D)之间。
7. W: There is a new chef at the restaurant in the shopping mall.
B) He forgot about the interview. D) He was too nervous in the interview. M: It remains to be seen whether the new one is any better than the old one.
Q: What does the man mean?
5. A) In a library. C) In a printing shop. C)。选项中均出现new chef表明，对话与新来的厨师有关。由he wonders可知，男士的话为听音重点。
B) At a bookstore. D) In the restaurant. 8. W: Are you coming with me to the history museum, George?
M: I already have my hands full with this book report.
6. A) He didn’t work hard at school. C) He had no interest in social work. Q: What does the man mean?
C)。选项中的He，already visited，museum，too busy和has to hand in表明，对话可能与男士不去博物馆的原因
B) He took a part-time job at school. D) He had always been serious about study. 有关。
7. A) He is sure the new chef is better. —— Conversation One ——
B) He’s going to see the new chef tonight. 【整体预测】本组对话四道题选项中的 Master’s degree, experience 和 Bachelor’s degree 表明，对话可能与专业领
C) He wonders whether the new chef is an improvement.
D) He hopes the new chef will stay longer than the old one did. M: Hi. Uh. Haven’t we met before? You look so familiar.
W: Yeah.  We f irst met on campus last week, and you asked me the same question.
8. A) He has already visited the museum. C) He is too busy to go with the woman. M: Oh, really? I’m sorry, but I’m terrible with names. But, but, but…let me guess. It’s Sherry, right?
W: No, but you got the f irst letter right.
B) He has to read a history book report. D) He has to hand in a report about the museum. M: I know, I know. It’s on the tip of my tongue. Wait. Uh, Sandy, Susan. Wait, wait. It’s Sharon.
W: You got it… and only on the fourth try.
Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard. M: So, well, ah…, I mean Sharon. How are you?
W: Not bad. And what’s your name?
M: It’s Ben, but everyone calls me B. J. And, uh, what do you do, Sharon?
9. A) At a party. C) At a friend’s house. W:  I’m a graduate student majoring in TESL.
B) On campus. D) At the student centre. M:  Uh. TESL… What’s that?
W:  It stands for teaching English as a second language. I want to teach English to non-native speakers overseas.
M: Oh, yeah. I’m pretty good at English grammar. You know, verbs and adjectives, and uh… Hey, that sounds really exciting. 
10. A) Engineering. C) Education. And do you need some type of specif ic degree or experience to do that? I mean, could I do something like that?
W: Well.  Most employers overseas are looking for someone who has at least a Bachelor’s degree and one or two years
B) Computer science. D) Marketing. of experience. And what do you do? Are you a student on campus?
M: Yeah, but, uh…  I guess I’m mulling over the idea of going into accounting or international business, but I guess
11. A) A Master’s degree. now I’m leaning towards a degree in marketing.
W: Oh, uh…Well, I have to run. I have a class in ten minutes.
B) Teaching experience with a Bachelor’s degree. M: Oh, okay. And, uh, by the way, there’s this, uh, dance on campus at the student centre tonight, and I was wondering if
you’d… you know… like to come along.
C) Two or three years of teaching experience. W: Oh, really? Well…, perhaps…
D) Overseas working experience. M: Okay, well, bye.
Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
12. A) International business. C) Marketing. 9. Where did the man and the woman f irst meet?
B) Accounting. D) Education. 10. What does the woman major in?
Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 11. What qualif ication should the woman have if she wants to be an English teacher in foreign countries?
B)。选项中的Master’s degree, Bachelor’s degree, teaching experience和working experience表明，问题可能是关于做某
13. A) Negative. C) Supportive. 12. What major does the man prefer now?
B) Doubtful. D) Optimistic. C)。选项均为专业领域，听音时应留意与专业相关的信息，并听清问什么。
—— Conversation Two ——
14. A) By handling problems properly. C) By means of mutual tolerance.
【整体预测】本组对话三道题选项中的 mutual conf idence, mutual tolerance, talking with each other, parents 和
B) By means of mutual conf idence. D) By talking with each other frequently. children 表明，对话可能是关于相处之道，可能涉及父母与孩子。
15. A) Cultural shock.
M: I think that intermarriage is a good idea. After all, we are living in a cosmopolitan country. We have so many different
B) A quick divorce. races living together peacefully, don’t we?
W:  Personally, I feel that it is not a very sound idea. It is diff icult for two people of entirely different religions to live and
C) A big gap between parents and children. share a life together. They will face so many problems that it would be better if they don’t get married in the f irst place.
M: Of course there will be problems. Even two people of the same religion have problems. It is the same in this case, except that
D) Much suffering of the children. it will be slightly more diff icult, I guess.
W: I agree with you, Henry. Marriage thrives on a give-and-take policy, so a couple will have to learn to adapt to each
Section B other’s customs and traditions.
M: That’s right.  Married people should be more tolerant towards each other and be willing to learn about each other’s
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will religion. Only then can understanding and acceptance be achieved ultimately.
hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. W: You talk as if it were very simple. I know it isn’t, as I am a child of a mixed marriage.
M: All right, you tell us why it isn’t.
After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices W: If two people of different religions marry, they should be prepared for the consequences. It is only after marriage that
the vast differences in the cultures begin to show. Little things, from food and clothes to bigger aspects like religious
marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with beliefs, tend to clash, leading eventually to a rift.  It may lead to a big gap between the parents; all their children
may suffer a lot in between.
a single line through the centre. M: You have a point there, but I can also tell you of several such couples who are living happily together. Actually,
intermarriage can lead to happiness or sorrow, depending on how it is handled.
Passage One Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
13. What is the woman’s attitude towards intermarriage?
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard. A)。选项均为表示观点态度的形容词，问题可能是关于某人对某事物的观点态度。
14. How can couples of different religions achieve understanding and acceptance, according to the man?
16. A) The enrollment rate is undergoing its record low. C)。选项均以by开头，其中的means, mutual tolerance和talking with each other表明，问题可能是关于做某事的方
B) Poor students can not afford the high tuition fees. 15. What consequences may the intermarriage most probably cause?
C) Less and less students choose to study at domestic colleges.
D) Many colleges are having a high dropout rate. Section B
—— Passage One ——
17. A) To criticise the students who have dropped out of colleges.
【整体预测】本篇短文三道题选项中的 enrollment, students, colleges, dropout rate 和 f inishing college 表明，短文可
B) To analyse the causes for the high dropout rate. 能与高校的招生及毕业情况有关。
C) To tell of his own childhood stories to the students.
 Less than sixty percent of students now entering four-year American colleges are likely to graduate. The completion
D) To emphasise the importance of f inishing college. rate is lower than that in almost any other wealthy country, and the worst for poor and minority students.  A new book about
America’s public universities explores the complex causes of the high dropout rate. The book is called Crossing the F inish Line.
18. A) His mother left him when he was only two years old. President Obama wants the United States to again have the world’s highest percentage of college graduates by 2020. But
to f inish college, children f irst have to reach the starting line by getting there.  On Tuesday the president gave a nationally
B) He was raised well by his father and mother. broadcast speech to students about the importance of staying in school. He spoke on the f irst day of classes at a high school in
Virginia.  He talked about personal responsibility, and used himself as an example of someone who overcame diff iculties.
C) He was the f irst US president to deliver a speech to students. Barack Obama said, “My father left my family when I was two years old, and I was raised by a single mother who
D) He encouraged the students by telling of his own experiences. struggled at times to pay the bills and wasn’t always able to give us things the other kids had. There were times when I
missed having a father in my life. There were times when I was lonely and felt like I didn’t f it in.” But he told students that
Passage Two problems in their own lives should not stop them from learning.
This was not the f irst presidential speech to students. Ronald Reagan spoke from the White House in 1988. And
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard. George H. W. Bush spoke from a school in Washington in 1991.
Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
19. A) Ambitious but sensible. 16. What problem do American colleges have now, according to the passage?
D)。选项中的enrollment, record low, high tuition fees和high dropout rate表明，问题可能与学校存在的问题有关，
B) Ambitious and unrealistic. 可能与入学或毕业有关。
17. Why did Obama give a nationally broadcast speech to students?
C) Expecting the child to be a genius. D)。选项均为不定式结构表明，问题可能考查做某事的原因或目的，criticise the students, tell of his own
childhood stories, emphasise the importance表明，问题可能与对学生的教育有关。
D) Setting a super high standard for the child. 18. What do we learn about Obama from the passage?
D)。C)中的the f irst US president表明，he可能指某位美国总统，问题可能是关于他的经历或行为。
20. A) He knows very little about music.
—— Passage Two ——
B) He is a member of a large orchestra.
【整体预测】本篇短文四道题选项中的 ambitious but sensible，setting a super high standard for the child 以及重复
C) He wants Michael to be a great trumpet player. 出现的 Michael 和 Winston 表明，短文可能与孩子的教育方式有关，并以 Michael（迈克尔）和 Winston（温斯顿）
D) He never makes Michael enter music competition. 的例子来说明。
21. A) Both of them are successful educators. If parents bring up a child with the aim of turning the child into a genius, they will cause a disaster. According to
several leading educational psychologists, this is one of the biggest mistakes that ambitious parents make.
B) They are happy even when Winston does not win. Generally, the child will be only too aware of what the parent expects, and will fail. Unrealistic parental expectations
can cause great damage to children.  However, if parents are not too unrealistic about what they expect their children to
C) They want Winston to be a successful musician. do, but are ambitious in a sensible way, the child may succeed in doing very well — especially if the parents are very
D) They fail to enter Winston in many piano competitions. supportive of their child.
Michael Li is very lucky. He is crazy about music, and his parents help him a lot by taking him to concerts and
arranging private piano and violin lessons for him.
22. A) He does not like to play piano. C) He has to enter every piano competition. Although Michael’s mother knows very little about music,  Michael’s father plays the trumpet in a large
B) He has to attend many piano lessons. D) He is afraid of disappointing his parents. orchestra. However, he never makes Michael enter music competitions if he is unwilling.
Michael’s friend, Winston Chen, however, is not so lucky. Although  both his parents are successful musicians,
they set too high a standard for Winston.
Passage Three  They want their son to be as successful as they are and so they enter him in every piano competition held. They
are very unhappy when he does not win. “When I was your age, I used to win every competition I entered,” Winston’s
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. father tells him.  Winston is always afraid that he will disappoint his parents and now he always seems quiet and
23. A) It will always be very prof itable. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.
19. What is the right attitude in bringing up a child?
B) It’s easier and cheaper than ever before. A)。选项中的ambitious but sensible，ambitious and unrealistic和setting a super high standard for the child表明，本
C) The moneymakers will get you off the ground. 题可能考查教育孩子的态度。
20. What does the speaker tell us about Michael’s father?
D) It requires very little knowledge in management. B)。结合C)中的He wants Michael，D)中的He never makes Michael及19题C)，D)中的the child可判断，本题四
24. A) A magazine, an idea and a laptop. 21. What can we learn about Winston Chen’s parents?
C)。结合A)中的both of them，B) ，C)，D)中均出现的they…Winston及22题D)中的parents综合判断，本题很可
B) A friend, an idea and a good knowledge of Internet. 能考查温斯顿的父母的状况。
22. Why does Winston always seem quiet and unhappy?
C) Some knowledge about business, an idea and $10,000. D)。A)（他不喜欢弹钢琴），B)（他得参加很多钢琴课）和C)（他得参加每次钢琴比赛）均表明他（He）不
D) An idea, a little knowledge about Internet and $10,000. 为答案的可能性较大。
25. A) It develops modestly but steadily. —— Passage Three ——
B) There is a lot of free stuff on Tayman’s website. 【整体预测】本篇短文三道题选项中的 knowledge about business，an idea，develops 和 steadily 表明，短文可能讲
C) It began to show signs of failure within months.
D) Its capacity is approximately 10,000 visits each week.  At no other time in recent history has it been easier or cheaper to start a new kind of company. Possibly a very
Section C prof itable company. Let’s call these new companies LILOs, for “a little in, a lot out”. These are Web-based businesses that
cost almost nothing to get off the ground yet can turn into great moneymakers.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the How do you get started? All that’s required is a great idea for a product that will f ill a need in the 21st century. These
f irst time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for days you’d do best if your idea either makes people money or saves them money. And launching now will make your
company stronger later — you’ll learn to survive in hard times until the economy improves.
the second time, you are required to f ill in the blanks with the exact words you have That’s what John Tayman is doing. He’s an author who lives in San Francisco and writes reviews for a business
magazine.  Tayman knew little about technology and even less about business. And yet he dreamed of a website that
just heard. F inally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what would summarise car reviews from other sources and rank every model of new cars. Tayman said he intended to build the
you have written. site on the side while continuing to write for a living. He’d work on his new company only at night and on weekends. 
Oh, yes, and he had only about $10,000.
 Tayman went to work with nothing more than his laptop. A hyper-organised fellow, he quickly discovered a
Teaching today demands more than just caring about children and knowing one’s sub- bunch of free stuff online — instructional manuals and sites that walk you through the process from start to f inish. Within
ject well. Teachers need to f ind out what 26. the learners, how to f ind the students’ months, Tayman had a virtual staff of 20 employees working for him in f ive different countries. MotorMouths.com
went live in January. Tayman f igures he has worked about 10 hours a week on it and hasn’t spent a cent on marketing or
strengths and 27. , and how to create environments in which they 28. . This leads us to advertising.  Growth is modest but steady: nearly 10,000 people visit each week.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
the need of learning about the theories and methods of teaching. 23. What is the advantage of starting a business now?
。选项中的 ， 和 表明，本题考查 的优点，听音时注意 指代什么。
A recent report 29. that universities have too often failed, and continue to fail; their un- B) it prof itable easier and cheaper It It
24. What did Tayman have when he started his business?
dergraduate students are graduating without some of the basic skills they need to function in the D)。选项均为做某事所需要的要素或过去做某事时曾经拥有的要素，听音时要作简要笔记，与听到的信息对
30. world, such as knowing how to think 31. , write clearly, or speak fluently. The re- 25. What do we learn about Tayman’s website according to the passage?
A)。选项中的develops modestly but steadily, free stuff on Tayman’s website和capacity… visitse表明，本题很可能考查
port challenges universities to rethink their 32. instruction models. Everyone involved in the Tayman的网站（website）的发展情况。
teaching-learning 33. should recognise that they are both discoverers of knowledge and Section C
learners. 26. motivates。意为“促进”。分析句子结构可知，本空位于f ind out后的宾语从句中，充当该宾语从句的谓语。宾
Considering the fast pace of global academic progress, it seems that the time has come when 27. weaknesses。意为“弱点”。空前的strengths and表明，本空应填名词，且在语义上与strengths并列，应为复数
the skills of analysis and evaluation become the symbol of a good education. Teaching prepares our 名词。复数名词一般都以-s或-es结尾，故书写时不要漏写。
students to be critical thinkers and reflective learners. It should be stressed at all levels and oppor- 语。定语从句的主语为they且整句话的时态为一般现在时，故所填动词为原形动词。
29. concluded。意为“得出结论”。分析句子结构可知，本句主句缺少谓语。主语a recent report表明，所填词应为
tunities should be provided so that those who aspire to adopt this profession should come toward it 过去式的动词。that引导的宾语从句主要是讲大学的现状，故推断本空所填词可能是引出结论性句子的动词。
with full enthusiasm. 31. logically。意为“逻辑上，合乎逻辑地”。空前的think表明，本空应填副词，后面or提示，think 31. 和write
The next stage in the process is to 34. learning about the importance of professional- clearly, speak fluently并列，故本空应填一个正面意义的词。
32. traditional。意为“传统的”。空前的their和空后的instruction models表明，本空应填形容词。
ism in teaching. With the new governmental setup taking place, democracy beginning to dig roots 33. experience。意为“经历”。空前的the teaching-learning表明，本空应填名词。
34. get together for。意为“聚集到一起为了……”。根据空前的动词不定式小品词to和空后的动名词learning可确
and participation becoming the base of life, let us set ourselves to the challenging task of bringing 定本空应填原形及物动词或一起到及物动词作用的动词词组。
glory to the nation by 35. of the youth of this country through our educational system. 35. securing the future。意为“保证未来”。根据空前的表示方式的介词by和空后的介词of可确定，本空应填动名
标准时间 40 minutes
Part III Reading Comprehension Part III Reading Comprehension
自测用时 __ minutes
Section A Section A
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word 结构剖析
for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read
the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is 本文主要讨论了家长
identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer 惩罚孩子的问题。
Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the 第3段主要说明从长远看，惩罚可能伤害到孩子的身体，也可能给孩子留下
bank more than once.
Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage. 全文翻译
Many parents depend on punishment as a way of disciplining their children or punishing them 很多家长把惩罚作为管教孩子或惩罚他们不良行为的方法。惩罚呈现出许多形式。一些家长用不同的方式体罚他们的孩
for misbehaviour. Punishment can take many 36 . Some parents physically punish their chil- 子；其他家长口头惩罚他们的孩子，例如，威胁或者对他们大吼大叫；还有一些家长使用各种各 样的惩罚，比如，让孩子坐在角
dren in different ways. Other parents 37 punish their children, for example, by threatening or 研究一再表明，惩罚孩子短期内可能有效，但从长远来看，却没什么效果。短期内，它能阻止不礼貌的行为。例
shouting at them. Still others use various punishments, such as making their children sit in a corner. 相信惩罚是有效的。通常情况下，这种成功可能会吸引家长重复使用惩罚。
Research 38 shows that punishing children may work in the short run, but it does not work 然而，棘手的情况总是出现在惩罚结束很久之后。从长远来看，惩罚可能造成一些问题。问题之一就是，为了有效，惩罚必
in the long run. In the short run, it stops 39 behaviour. Children will generally stop using bad 是严厉的惩罚会对小孩造成巨大的伤害——打屁股可能会造成身体上的伤害或虐待，也可能给孩子留下屈辱的心理阴影。
words, for example, if they are scolded seriously, punished with a slap on the behind, or not given 答案解析
the dessert. The dramatic 40 that often follows punishment can immediately reinforce an adult.
36.【解析】N)。空前的形容词many表明，本空应填复数名词，故D) measures和N) forms入选。D) measures通
More often than not, this success can tempt a parent to use the punishment 41 . 常指可以解决问题的“措施或办法”，根据文章内容，体罚对于教育孩子来说并非有效的解决办法，故
可排除D)。下文提到some parents体罚孩子，other parents用威胁或大吼大叫惩罚孩子，还有others用various
The tricky condition comes later, however, often well after the punishing 42 is over. In the punishments，由此可见，惩罚的方式有很多种，故答案为N) forms（形式）。
long run, punishment is likely to cause several problems. One is that to be effective, punishment 37.【解析】B)。分析空所在的句子结构可知，本句不缺成分，故本空应填副词。根据下文所列举的惩罚方式：by threatening
or shouting at them可知，父母只是口头上对孩子进行教育“威胁或大吼大叫” ，故答案为B) verbally（口头地）。
must be rather 43 . A mother’s shaking her head in mild disapproval is 44 to stop children 38.【解析】J)。分析空所在的句子结构可知，本句不缺成分，故本空应填副词，A) likely、 L) repeatedly、J)
from fighting; for some, only loud words and physical punishment will work. But serious punish- consistently入选。能修饰动词shows并能使句意表达通顺的只有 J) consistently（一再），故答案为J)。此处是
ment does great 45 to a young child — a thorough spanking ( 用手掌打屁股 ) risks physical 39.【解析】E)。空前的动词stops及空后的behaviour表明，本空应填形容词。下文举例提到，如果孩子们受到严
harm and abuse and can be a humiliating ( 屈辱的 ) experience. 厉的责骂……通常能够停止说脏话（stop using bad words），由此可知，此处是说惩罚能够阻止不好的行为，
A) likely I ) success 40.【解析】I)。空前的形容词dramatic、空后that引导的定语从句以及从句的谓语动词follows表明，本空应填单数
B) verbally J ) consistently I)
C) unlikely K) condition 41.【解析】L)。分析空所在的句子结构可知，本句不缺成分，故本空应填副词，A) likely和L) repeatedly入选。前
D) measures L) repeatedly 一句提到体罚取得的巨大成效使家长认为体罚能达到效果，那么这很可能会使家长频繁地尝试用体罚来管教
E) unwanted M) serious 42.【解析】G)。空前的punishing 及空后的is表明，本空应填单数名词，F) failure、G) incident、H) harm和K) condition
F) failure N) forms 入选。备选项中能被punishing修饰且与is over形成语义场共现的只有G) incident（事件），故答案为G)。
G) incident O) unwelcome 43.【解析】M)。空前的be rather表明，本空应填形容词。后一句举例对空所在句进行说明：……对于某些孩子，
H) harm 厉的）。下文提到的serious punishment对本空有很强的提示作用。
44.【解析】C)。空 前的is及空后的to表明，本空应填能与to搭配的形容词，A) likely和C) unlikely入选。上句提到，严厉的
Section B 惩罚才能达到教育的效果，由此可知，只是一个摇头所表达的轻度不满不可能制止孩子打架，故答案为C) unlikely。
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each 行了解释：用手打孩子的屁股会伤害身体，也可能会给孩子的心灵蒙上阴影，由此可见，严厉的惩罚会对孩
statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph 子造成伤害，故答案为H) harm（伤害）。后文出现的harm为本空所填词的原词复现，对本空有很强的提示作
用。do harm to为固定搭配，意为“给……造成伤害”。
from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once.
Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corres- Section B
ponding letter on Answer Sheet 2. 结构剖析
Why Our Turbulent Weather Is Getting Even Harder to Predict
The cold snap, fingers crossed, is about to end. But extreme weather — snow, floods and drought — 现极端天气的原因，
is the new norm. 指出大多数科学家认 C)-G)段指出，目前，科学家普遍认为喷流极有可能是导致极端天气和气候
A) Britain’s weather excelled itself last week. It produced an Easter Sunday that was the coldest on 喷流所造成的破坏之
record in the UK. Temperatures stuck below zero in many regions; freezing conditions contin- 间的联系有关。 H)、I)段说也有科学家告诫人们，不要过早下结论，而是需要找出更多的证
ued to disrupt transport; and experts warned of increasing threats to animals and birds already
struggling to survive loss of habitat and climate change. The start of British Summer Time last 全文翻译
Sunday night was marked in Braemar by temperatures that fell to -11C. For good measure, an 为何我们越来越难预测恶劣天气
unappetising April looks likely to follow this misery.
B) The persistence of the spring’s awful weather is particularly striking for it comes after a series
A)  上周，英国的天气突破了历史记录。复活节那天是英国历史上最冷的一天。许多地区的温度都低于零度；
of other extreme meteorological (气象的) events in recent years. Last winter, a severe drought
triggered stern warnings by the Environment Agency that water rationing and hosepipe (水
管) bans would soon have to be introduced — until several months of torrential rain produced 象。另外，令人讨厌的四月看起来似乎将要步此后尘。
widespread flooding. Our weather, always unpredictable, is now fluctuating on a grand scale and B)  持续出现的春季恶劣天气尤为显著，因为近些年来一系列其他极端气象现象之后便