标准时间 30 minutes
Part I Writing Part I Writing
自测用时 __ minutes
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start 【作文审题】本篇为看图作文。首先应仔细观察图片，根据图画内容和文字描述，在把握图画整体寓意的基
your essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on 础上，结合directions中的提示，确定作文主题。画面中的男孩说非常感激老师在乘法算数表上给予他的额外
teacher-student relationship. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 帮助，他还提出要请老师喝饮料。结合directions中的teacher-student relationship, 确定作文的话题为“师生关
180 words. 系”。行文思路可以如下安排：首先，简单描述图画内容，引出师生关系的话题；然后阐述2~3个建立良好师
 As we can see, in the picture a boy offers to buy his teacher a drink as a  描绘图画内容
______________________________________________________________________________________________________ way to thank her for her extra help on the multiplication table.  The picture
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________ shows us a successful way to build a nice teacher-student relationship.  指出图画寓意，引出话题
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________  In spite of the common phrase that teachers and students are natural  承上启下，引出建立良好师
______________________________________________________________________________________________________ enemies, there are many ways to help teachers develop a good relation with their 生关系的方法
students.  For one thing, a good teacher should encourage his/her students more  介绍两种建立良好师生关系
often than punish them.  For another, sometimes a teacher can  go out of his/ 的方法
her way to help the slow students on their studies , so that students will be moved  “不怕麻烦地做某事”
by the teacher’s deed and feel grateful to the teacher.
 In my opinion, if teachers treat their students as patiently as they treat their  表达个人观点
own children, no student will cause trouble and the teacher-student relationship will
surely be very nice.
标准时间 30 minutes
Part II Listening Comprehension Part II Listening Comprehension
自测用时 __ minutes
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the Section A
1. M: I’ve just found a great location to open a new shop.
end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. W: But you haven’t researched the market. Don’t you think this is putting the cart before the horse?
Q: What does the woman mean?
Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question B)。选项 B)（男士做事情的顺序错了），C)（男士有可能做出一个更好的选择）和 D)（男士不该这么快就做决定）
there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), 表明，本题与男士的行为有关。女士的话为听音的重点。
2. M: Hi Susan, I hear your ski trip was out of this world!
C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on W: It was so wonderful that I didn’t want to come back to the real world!
Q: What can we learn about Susan?
Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. B)。选项均以 she 开头，且其中的 skiing 和 ski plan 表明，本题很可能与女士滑雪有关。A) 和 D) 意思相近，
1. A) It’s too risky to choose such a location. 3. W: Wally, the necklace is beautiful, but really, you shouldn’t have!
B) The man is doing things in the wrong order. M: You’re welcome. I think it looks beautiful on you.
Q: What did Wally do for the woman?
C) It’s possible for the man to make a better choice. B)。选项 B)（他给她买了一条项链。），C)（他帮助她挑选项链。）和 D)（他帮她戴项链。）表明，本题考查男士
D) The man shouldn’t make the decision so quickly. 4. W: When we lived in Paris I worked part time. But since we moved... just cook and clean. I get tired of doing the same
old things day by day.
2. A) She lost contact with this world. C) She failed to carry out her ski plan. M: It sounds like you need to get out of the house.
B) She enjoyed the skiing very much. D) She preferred to live in an unreal world. Q: What does the man advise the woman to do?
3. A) He tired to f latter her. C) He helped her choose a necklace. 5. M: I’m going to ask the neighbours to turn the music down. I can’t hear myself think.
W: Do you really think it makes any difference to them?
B) He bought her a necklace. D) He helped her put on the necklace. Q: What does the woman mean?
C)。根据 A) 和 D) 中的 He should… 推测，女士所说的话为听音重点。再根据 the neighbours，turn the music
4. A) To get a job. C) To move to another place. down 和 should focus on his own thinking 推测，本题与邻居播放音乐的声音太大而影响男士思考有关。
6. M: What shall we take for the trip?
B) To visit some friends. D) To do some outdoor exercises. W: We’d better take the bare necessities.
Q: What does the woman suggest?
5. A) He should have told them earlier. C) The neighbors will not listen to him. B)。 选项中重复出现的should，take 及出现的nothing，as little as possible，as much as 和 take their daily
B) It is of no use to turn the music down. D) He should focus on his own thinking. necessities 表明，本题与建议带多少东西有关。
7. W: We are going to go away on vacation... Can you hear me?
6. A) They should take nothing with them. C) They should take as much as they can. M: I’m all ears.
Q: What does the man mean?
B) They should take as little as possible. D) They should take their daily necessities. A)。选项 A) He is listening attentively.（他在认真地听。），B) He couldn’t care less.（他很在乎。），C) He likes the
woman’s idea.（他喜欢女士的想法。）和 D) He is against the woman’s plan.（他反对女士的计划。）表明，本题与
7. A) He is listening attentively. C) He likes the woman’s idea. 男士对女士的想法或计划的态度有关。
B) He couldn’t care less. D) He is against the woman’s plan. 8. W: I’m really behind with my project. Can you help me?
M: I’m afraid you bite off more than you could chew!
Q: What does the man mean?
8. A) He is not willing to help the woman. D)。选项中的 The woman… unable to do… 和 The woman … doing more… 表明，本题可能与女士做的工作有关。
B) The woman is unable to do the project. —— Conversation One ——
C) He is not in a position to help the woman.
【整体预测】本组对话四道题选项中的 development of…business，relationship between… 和 helped students… 表明，
D)The woman is doing more than she can manage. 对话可能与几个人的关系，以及某个行业的发展及其产生的影响有关。
Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard. W: What are you doing?
M:  I’m ordering some f iling cabinets out of a catalogue.
9. A) The story of a Chicago retailer. W: What do you need them for?
B) The development of the catalogue sales business. M: There’s so much stuff piling up in my dormitory room. If I don’t do something soon, I won’t be able to move in there.
W: Do you usually order from a catalogue?
C) The relationship among farmers, Ward and Sears. M: Sometimes. Why?
W: Oh,  it’s just in the history class today we were talking about how the catalogue sales business f irst got started in the
D) The relationship between the catalogue and textbooks. US. A Chicago retailer, Montgomery Ward started it in the late 1800s.  It was really popular among farmers. It was
diff icult for them to make it to the big city stores so they ordered from catalogues.
10. A) He wanted to beat Ward. C) He enjoyed competition in this business. M: Was Ward the only one in the business?
W: At f irst, but another person named  Richard Sears started his own catalogue after he heard how much money Ward
B) He wanted to help his brother Ward. D) He thought this business was prof itable. was making.
11. A) Farmers. B) City people. C) Business people. D) Students. M: What made them so popular?
W: Farmers trusted Ward and Sears for one thing. They delivered the products the farmers paid for and even refunded the
12. A) Schools were short of textbooks at that time. price of things the farmers weren’t satisf ied with.  The catalogues became so popular that in some countries school
teachers even used them as textbooks.
B) Students might order things from the catalogues. M: Textbooks?
W: Yeah,  students practice spelling the names and adding up the prices of things in the catalogues.
C) They helped students with spelling and adding. M: Was everybody that thrilled about it?
D) They helped students become familiar with a variety of goods. W: That’s doubtful. Say they drove some small store owners out of business. Sears and Ward sold stuff in such large quant-
ities. They were able to undercut the prices at some small family-owned stores.
Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
9. What are the two speakers mainly talking about?
13. A) She doesn’t know which topic to choose. 10. Why did Richard Sears start his own business in catalogue?
B) Her assignments are due on the same day. D)。选项中的He wanted to beat Ward. He wanted to help his brother…和enjoyed competition表明，本题可能考查
C) She’s concerned about the spotted owl. 11. Who were the main customers of Sears and Ward’s business?
D) She dislikes her economics class. 12. Why were the catalogues used as textbooks?
C)。选项C)和D)中的They helped students表明，本题可能考查they对学生们的帮助，由B)猜测they可能是指目录。
14. A) A scarcity of jobs in their f ield.
—— Conversation Two ——
B) Inadequate training in the methods of biological research.
C) Diff iculties in classifying all of the varieties of owls. 的可能是各自的学业问题。
D) A lack of funding for their work with endangered species.
W: Hi, Bill, how is it going?
15. A) It has numerous traits in common with the spotted owl. M: Oh, hi, Jane. I’m OK. How about you?
W: You can probably tell just by looking at me. I’m really busy. Hey, what are you reading?
B) Its population is increasing. M: A pretty interesting article. My biology professor assigned it, and I thought I would just look it over. But I got really
C) It may not survive without special efforts of conservationists. involved in it. It’s about endangered species.
W: That sounds pretty interesting.  I’m getting frustrated with the two research papers I’m struggling with.
D) Its role in the chain of evolution has not yet been examined. M: Oh?
W:  And can you believe they are both due on the same day?
Section B M: That’s tough.
W: I’ll get through it. So what’s this you are reading?
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will M: Well, it’s basically about the choices conservationists are faced with, you know, these days when funding is so hard to
hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. W: Wait a minute. Does it focus on biology or economics?
M: Both.  Conservationists don’t have enough funding to save every endangered species in the world, so they have to
After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices decide based on what would be lost if a species became extinct.
marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with W: Can you give me an example of what you mean?
M: Take for instance, two animals, the spotted owl and  the tailed toad. The article says the toad is unique. It has no
a single line through the centre. relatives. But there are a lot of varieties of owls.
W: So,  if that toad became extinct, we’d lose an important link in the chain of evolution, right?
Passage One M: Exactly. But that isn’t so for the owl. So for conservationists, it might be a clear choice which animal to save.
W: I see. I am glad I don’t have to make that kind of decision. Aren’t you?
Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard. Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
13. Why does the woman say she’s frustrated?
B)。选项中的She doesn’t know…和She dislikes…表明，本题可能考查女士遇到的问题。
16. A) Opera is only for rich people. 14. What problems do conservationists have?
B) Opera is famous for its history. D)。选项中的scarcity，inadequate training，lack of funding和endangered species表明，本题可能考查某个环保组
C) Young people are not interested in operas. 15. What can be inferred about the tailed toad?
D) Opera companies are trying to keep operas alive.
17. A) It is hard to f ind long versions. —— Passage One ——
B) They can make people interested.
【整体预测】预览本篇短文四道题各选项，第 16 题和第 19 题中重复出现的 opera(s) 可知，短文与歌剧有关。
C) Short versions are easy to perform.
D) They can be performed in public libraries.  For a 400-year-old art form, opera had a bad fame: overweight actresses singing the words which were hard to un-
derstand in one of those romance languages you were supposed to learn in high school. And with tickets costing as much as
18. A) To reduce the cost. C) To make Cinderella popular. $145 a performance, opera goers also had a certain appearance in people’s minds: rich, well-dressed and old.
 But now opera companies around the country are loosening their ties and kicking off their shoes in an attempt to
B) To attract young people. D) To celebrate its 75th anniversary. keep opera alive and take it to a younger and not so wealthy audience.
Opera producers have found that to attract this crowd, they need to associate opera with the common people. That means no
19. A) Opera is not so popular an art form today. formal suits, old-style theatre or bank-breaking ticket prices. And because young people don’t or won’t come to the opera, com-
panies are bringing the opera to them, giving performances in such usual places as parks, libraries and public schools.
B) Students enjoy performing operas very much. The Houston Grand Opera’s choice is the public library, where it performs “mobile operas”, shortened version of child-
C) The tickets for opera are very expensive at present. friendly operas. This summer’s production is Hansel & Cretel.  By performing smaller versions of large productions, produ-
cers are able to make people interested while keeping costs at a reasonable level. The San Francisco Opera, which will be celeb-
D) Opera is performed in a language diff icult to understand. rating its 75th anniversary this year, is staging Cinderella free of charge,  keeping costs down by employing students
from its Young Artists’ Training Programme.
Passage Two Questions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard.
16. What is the main idea of the passage?
Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard. D)。四个选项中都出现了opera这一词，A)和C)都谈论看opera的对象，B)谈到了opera出名的原因，D)谈论
20. A) Maxie shows her anxiety to the speaker. 17. Why do opera companies prefer to perform smaller versions?
B)。选项B)和D)中的they，C)中的short versions, 和A)中的long versions表明，本题可能与versions的情况有关。
B) Maxie really wishes the speaker a good day. 18. What is the purpose of the San Francisco Opera employing young students?
C) Maxie encourages the speaker to stay happy. 19. What can you infer from the passage?
D) Maxie really worries about the speaker’s security. A)。选项描述opera的各种情况表明，本题与opera的概况有关。
—— Passage Two ——
21. A) Give his blessing to you. C) Try to be polite to you.
【整体预测】第 20 题均为以 Maxie 开头的句子及第 22 题均以 Have a Nice Day 开头表明，短文可能与 Have a
B) Express respect to you. D) Share his pleasure with you. Nice Day 的用法有关，涉及 Maxie。
22. A) Have a Nice Day — A Social Custom
“Have a nice day!” may be a pleasant gesture or a meaningless expression.  When my friend Maxie says “Have a
B) Have a Nice Day — A Pleasant Gesture nice day” with a smile, I know she sincerely cares about what happens to me. I feel loved and secure since another person
cares about me and wishes me well.
C) Have a Nice Day — A Heart-warming Greeting “Have a nice day. Next!”  This version of the expression is spoken by a salesgirl at the supermarket who is rushing me
and my groceries out the door. The words came out in the same tone with a f ixed procedure. They are spoken at me, not to me.
D) Have a Nice Day — A Polite Ending of a Conversation Obviously, the concern for my day and everyone else’s is the management’s attempt to increase business.
The expression is one of those behaviours that help people get along with each other.  Sometimes it indicates the
Passage Three end of a meeting. As soon as you hear it, you know the meeting is at an end. Sometimes the expression saves us when we
don’t know what to say. “Oh, you just had a tooth out? I’m terribly sorry, but have a nice day.”
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. The expression can be pleasant.  /  If a stranger says “Have a nice day” to you, you may f ind it heart-warming be-
cause someone you don’t know has tried to be nice to you.
23. A) To enjoy his f irst day off work. C) To watch his favourite TV talk show. Although the use of the expression is an insincere, meanin gless social custom at times, there is nothing wrong with the
sentence except that it is a little uninteresting. While the expression may not often be sincere, it is always spoken. The point is
B) To go out for a walk in the park. D) To read the newspaper to his children. that people say it all the time when they like.
Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.
24. A) Drawing on the wall. C) Feeding the f ish. 20. How does the speaker understand Maxie’s words?
B)。选项均是Maxie对the speaker的各种感情状态表明，本题与Maxie和the speaker有关。
B) Eating apple jam. D) Reading in a room. 21. What may a stranger mean by saying “Have a nice day” according to the speaker?
25. A) He had to take his wife back. C) He suddenly had to go to his off ice. 22. What would be the best title for the passage?
B) He wanted to clean up his house. D) He found it hard to manage his boys home. A)。选项含义各不相同，均为短语且概括性强表明，本题可能考查短文主题。
—— Passage Three ——
Section C 【整体预测】本篇短文三道题选项中重复出现的 he，off work，TV，children，clean up his house 和 manage his
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the boys home 表明，短文可能与一位男士如何在家中度过休息日有关。
f irst time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for  Brad closed the door slowly as Sue left home to visit her mother. Expecting a whole day to relax, he was thinking
the second time, you are required to f ill in the blanks with the exact words you have to watch his favourite TV talk show. “This will be like a walk in the park,” he’d told his wife. “I’ll look after the kids, and
you can go visit your mom.”
just heard. F inally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what Things started well, but just after eight o’clock, his three little “good kids” — Mike, Randy, and Alex — came down
the stairs in their night clothes and shouted “Breakfast, daddy.” When food had not appeared within thirty seconds, Randy
you have written. began using his spoon on Alex’s head as if it were a drum. Alex started to shout loudly in time to the beat. Mike shouted
“Where’s my toast, where’s my toast” in the background.
More and more Americans are reading their own credit report. Credit reports are 26. by By ten o’clock, things were out of control. Alex was wondering why the f ish in the jar refused his bread and butter. Mike was
lenders to decide how risky it would be to offer a loan or credit to an individual. trying to show off his talent by decorating the kitchen wall with his colour pencils.  Randy, thankfully, appeared to be reading
quietly in the family room but closer examination showed that he was eating apple jam straight from the bottle with his hands.
The report holds information about a person’s 27. loans and credit-card debt. It records  At exactly 11:17, Brad called the daycare centre. “I suddenly have to go into work and my wife’s away. Can I
bring the boys over in a few minutes?” The answer was obviously “yes” because Brad was smiling.
late 28. of bills and any unpaid loans. It all 29. a credit history. These days, though, Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
lenders often welcome people with bad credit histories. They are 30. higher interest rates and 23. What did Brad expect to do when his wife left home?
C)。选项中的off work，watch… TV和read … to his children表明，本题可能考查某人在家做的事情。
other loan costs. 24. What was Randy exactly doing in the room?
Some Americans want to read their credit report to know if they have been a 31. of 25. Why did Brad ask the daycare centre for help?
identity theft. They can see if any loans or credit cards have been opened in their name with stolen
32. information. Section C
26. issued。意为“发给”。空前的are及空后的by提示，本空应填动词的过去分词。credit reports和lenders提示是
Another reason is that credit reports are not always correct. They might contain wrong in- 贷方给借方出具的信用报告，本空所填词在此应有“出具”之意。
formation or old information. One change, in 2001, permits people to see their F iCO score. F iCO 28. payments。意为“支付，付款”。空前的late及空后的of提示，本空应填名词。and后的any unpaid loans提示，
33. the Fair Isaac Corporation. That company developed a way to 34. credit risk with 本空所填词表示的意思应与之相近。
29. adds up to。意为“累计成”。分析句子结构可知，句子缺乏谓语。从句子的主语it和文章的时态为一般现在
a number based on information gathered by credit reporting agencies. Fair Isaac says many lenders 时可知，本空所填动词为第三人称单数形式。
30. charged。意为“索（价），要……支付”。空前的are和空后的名词higher interest rates提示，本空所填词为动
not just in the United States but around the world use its technology to create credit scores. However, 词的分词形式。
according to a latest survey, lenders are not the only ones 35. these numbers. As of May, the 32. personal。意为“个人的”。空前的stolen和空后的information提示，本空应填形容词或名词（短语），与
company says it sold ten million credit scores to individuals. People with high scores can expect lower stolen共同修饰information。
33. is short for。意为“……的简略形式，……的缩略语”。空前的F iCO是空后的the Fair Isaac Corporation的缩
interest rates for loans because the higher the score, the lower the risk. Paying bills on time and paying 写，由此可知，空内所填词（短语）可能表示“缩写”的意思。
34. represent。意为“表示”。空前的动词不定式小品词to和空后的名词credit risk提示，本空应填原形动词（短语）。
off credit-card debt improve credit scores. 35. interested in。意为“对……感兴趣”。分析句子结构可知，句子不缺少主要成分，因此本空所填词（短语）应
该是修饰the only ones的后置定语，再结合空后的these numbers推测，所填词（短语）应该为动词的分词形式。
标准时间 40 minutes
Part III Reading Comprehension 自测用时 __ minutes Part III Reading Comprehension
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word
for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read 本文主要介绍信息科技对远
the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is 程教育的积极和消极影响。 第3、4段说明人们对新科技在远程教育中应该应用到什么程度有争
identif ied by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer
Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the
bank more than once. 同一个虚拟教室里。多媒体、视频会议和互联网越来越能够让学生根据自己的进度进行学习，同时与同学老师互动。
Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage. 中，有大约一半为用业余时间上课的在职成年人。
Distance learning has moved far away from the traditional correspondence course, aimed 关重要的。例如，英国的开放大学在远程教育方面走在国际前列，却一直对信息科技的使用很谨慎，认为现场授课和暑期
at the individual student working 36 . The global reach of the Internet makes it pos- 学校中的书本以及思想的交流不可替代。
sible to 37 geographically-scattered students in a 38 classroom. Methods such as multi- 流感到担心，他们认为让学生支付高额费用购买电脑和其他交流设备有悖“开放”的原则。当然，在许多发展中国家，成
media, video-conferencing and the Internet will 39 allow students both to proceed at their own 的人和不占有信息的人。
pace, and to interact with one another and their teachers. 答案解析
Even without taking the technology to its limits, the idea of education as a lifelong process is
36.【解析】 O)。空前的student working表明，本空应填入副词，E) cautiously、H) increasingly和O) alone入选。下
catching on throughout the 40 world. Already, working adults who pursue their studies part- 句提到的geographically-scattered students“在地理上分散的学生”提示本句说的应是单独学习的学生，故答案
为O) alone（单独地）。选项中的另一个干扰项A) lonely（孤独的）是形容词，用来描写人的心情，与此处语
time make up roughly half of students taking college courses in the United States. 义不符。
37.【解析】I)。空前的to表明，本空应填原形动词，B) debate、D) substitute和I) unite入选。由空后的
However, there is 41 in scholarly circles about how far the new technology should be used geographically-scattered students in a... classroom可知，只有I) unite（联合）符合此处语义，unite sb. in...意为
for teaching academic subjects in which personal contacts between teachers and students are still uniting对本空有提示作用。
vital. Britain’s Open University, for example, a world leader in distance education, has embraced 38.【解析】M)。空后的名词classroom表明，本空应填形容词，A) lonely、C) substantial、G) global、K)
concerned、L) industrialised和M) virtual入选。lonely（孤独的）用来形容人，可先排除。global与前面的global
information technology 42 , believing it to be no 43 for books and the exchange of ideas at 重复，也排除。剩下的选项中只有M) virtual（虚拟的）与前面提到的Internet（因特网）同属于一个语义场，
live tutorials and summer schools. 理位置上分散的学生集中到一个虚拟的教室里。
But the Open University is also moving with the tide. It has set up a “knowledge media 39.【解析】H)。空前的will和空后的allow表明，本空应填副词，E) cautiously和H) increasingly入选。cautiously
institute” to explore ways of adopting information technology. Some teachers are concerned 在此处，符合语义，故答案为H)。此处是说，一些技术越来越能够允许学生根据自己的进度进行学习以及与
about this trend, arguing that the heavy investment that students are 44 to make in com- 他人或老师交流。
40.【解析】L)。空前的the和空后的名词world表明，本空应填形容词， A) lonely、 C) substantial、 G) global、K)
puter and communications equipment 45 the concept of “open”. Cost, of course, is an concerned和L) industrialised入选。global与world语义重复，故排除。lonely（孤独的）和concerned（关心的；有关
important factor in many developing countries, where few people have computers or even
phones. Rather than uniting the world, the new technologies could lead to societies of inform- 41.【解析】B)。空前的there is表明，本空应填单数名词，故B) debate和D) substitute入选。由about how far...可知，
本空所填词应能与about搭配，故答案为B) debate。debate about...意为“对……有争议”。
ation haves and have-nots. 42.【解析】E)。空所在句主干为Open University... has embraced information technology...，句子结构完整，故本空
A ) lonely I ) unite 43.【解析】D)。空前的no和空后的for表明，本空应填名词，且该词能与for搭配使用，备选项中只有D)
B) debate J ) conflicts substitute“替代”符合要求，故答案为D)。此处是说，开放大学认为信息技术不能代替课本以及老师和学生
C) substantial K ) concerned 44.【解析】N)。空前的students are和空后的to表明，本空应填动词的过去分词或形容词，并且能与to搭配使用，
D) substitute L ) industrialised 备选项中只有N) expected 符合要求，故答案为N)。be expected to do sth. 意为“被期望做……”。此处是说，
E) cautiously M) virtual 45.【解析】F)。分析空所在句子，arguing后的that引导宾语从句the heavy... “open”，在该宾语从句中，由that
引导的定语从句that students... equipment修饰的是the heavy investment，heavy investment为主语，the concept
F) contradicts N) expected of “open”为宾语，唯独缺谓语，故本空应填第三人称单数形式的动词，F) contradicts和J) conflicts入选。
G) global O) alone conflict“冲突”作动词时需后接with，与本句不符，故排除，故答案为F) contradicts（与……相矛盾）。此处
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it.
Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the
paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more
than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking 本文主要阐述人 B)-E)段介绍当今社会人们说谎很常见。
the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.
The Truth about Lying
A) Ricky Gervais’s new f ilm, The Invention of Lying, is about a world where lying doesn’t exist,
which means that everybody tells the truth, and everybody believes everything everybody else
says. “I’ve always hated you,” a man tells a work colleague. “He seems nice, if a bit fat,” a wo- 全文翻译
man says about her date. It’s all truth, all the time, at whatever the cost. Until one day, when 谎言的真相
Mark, a down-on-his-luck loser played by Gervais, discovers a thing called “lying” and what
it can get him. Within days, Mark is rich, famous, and courting the girl of his dreams. And be- 人都相信其他人说的每件事。“我一直都讨厌你，”一个男人对一个同事说。“他再胖一点儿就好了，”一
cause nobody knows what “lying” is, he goes on, happily living what has become a complete 个女人谈及她的约会对象时说。这不管怎样一直都是真话。 直到有一天，当热维斯饰演的运气不好的失
and utter farce ( 喜剧 ). 败者马克发现了一种称之为“撒谎”的东西，以及它能给他带来的东西。不日之内，马克便腰缠万贯，声名
B) It’s meant to be funny, but it’s also a more serious commentary on us all. As Americans, we 显赫，且追求着自己的梦中女郎。因为没有人知道“撒谎”为何物，他继续撒着慌，快乐地生活着，最终成
like to think we value the truth. Time and time again, public-opinion polls show that honesty 了一出活脱脱的喜剧。
is among the top f ive characteristics we want in a leader, friend, or lover; the world is full of B) 电影本身虽然搞笑，但它也是关于我们每个人的严肃点评。身为美国人，我们认为我们重视真相。民意调
sad stories about the tragic consequences of betrayal. At the same time, deception is all around
us. We are lied to by government off icials and public f igures to a disturbing degree; many of
our social relationships are based on little white lies we tell each other. We deceive our chil-
dren, only to be deceived by them in return. And the average person, says psychologist Robert 话。“总是会有太多的谎言，”费尔德曼说道，他的新书《你生活中的撒谎者》这个月出版。“但是我认
Feldman, the author of a new book on lying, tells at least three lies in the f irst l0 minutes of a 为我们正在经历一种文化转变，我们会很容易撒更多的慌，但是从一些方面讲这也更易于人们接受了。”
conversation. “There’s always been a lot of lying,” says Feldman, whose new book, The Liar in C) 保罗·艾克曼，费尔德曼长期撒谎的同事之一，同时也是福克斯第四频道电视连续剧“别对我撒谎”的幕后创
Your Life, came out this month. “But I do think we’re seeing a kind of cultural shift where we’re 意者，说道，撒谎者是一个“有意误导的”、“故意”不问及撒谎的目的的人。这并不是说，所有的谎言都一
lying more, it’s easier to lie, and in some ways it’s almost more acceptable.” 样是有害的：一些仅仅是习惯性的——“乐意效劳！”——而其他的可能是善意的谎言。